GSMA Embedded SIM - Description Market Issues The GSMA Backed by the world’s This specification will Embedded SIM h as largest mobile accelerate the M2M been developed to providers and market and increase promote a common endorsed by the opportunities for global remote world’s largest SIM operators and M2M provisioning suppliers, this is a customers around the architecture for the technical specification globe by reducing new era of machine to that will enable ‘over costs and improving machine technology. the air’ installation flexibility and and management of efficiency as it drives operator profiles. the economies of
Accelerating M2M Growth By 2020, handsets will constitute only 70% of cellular connections (currently 92%) Growth will come from connected M2M devices – estimated to be 14 Billion* by 2020 691 Million Healthcare Devices (Up from 39 Million in 2012) 1.1 Billion Automotive Devices (Up from 110 Million in 2012) 6.4 Billion Smart Cities Devices Accelerates M2M growth By cutting operational costs and increasing flexibility Enable longer term planning and higher returns from business models By implementing industry leading security standards to maintain consumer confidence
GSMA represents the global mobile industry – Membership comprised of 800 mobile operators with more than 230 companies in the mobile industry – Helping businesses in all industry sectors – financial services, healthcare, media, transport, utilities and more – Spanning more than 220 countries
GSMA is working in partnership with leading mobile operators and SIM suppliers worldwide
For many M2M applications, use of traditional SIM cards is problematic because the M2M modems are often inaccessible making it difficult to insert or change SIM cards once the modem is deployed in the field.
Use of Embedded SIMs which enable operator profiles to be remotely provisioned overcomes these restrictions
The Embedded SIM simplifies logistical processes by enabling the installation of SIM capability into an M2M modem at point of manufacture which can later be remotely provisioned with an operator profile
Embedded SIM removes the need for stock control and shipping of physical pre-provisioned SIM cards
European Commission has selected Embedded SIM for its in-vehicle emergency call services mandate – eCall – Must be fitted in all new car models in member states by 2015 – Instantly connects to emergency services in the event of a collision – 2016 Expected Sales = 7 million units
Specification covers – The remote over the air provisioning of a one (or more) operator profiles into a SIM. – The remote over the air enablement /disablement of the operator profile within the SIM, thus enabling a change of active operator. – The deletion over the air of an operator profile within a SIM.
The Elements Involved Functionally identical to a traditional SIM At manufacture wil have a ‘provisioning profile’ assigned with secret keys that al ows the associated subscription manager to download and manage Embedded ‘operational profiles’ on the eUICC SIM The technical specification can accommodate both an initial declaration of the MNO in the eUICC, as wel as the selection of a new MNO later. The implementation wil depend upon the commercial agreement between the operators and their customers Manages the embedded SIM by Generating SIM profiles in real-time Subscription
Embedded SIM embeds existing hardware based UICCs into devices and evolves the existing credential distribution mechanisms into over the air mechanisms: – SIMs can be embedded using the new M2M form factors (MFF1, MFF2) or use existing removable SIM form factors such as mini-SIM or micro-SIM – By using removable SIM processes and relationships, Embedded SIM can be deployed in the market with maximum speed and appropriate security, as standardised by ETSI
Soft or Virtual SIM is a completely different concept that does not use existing SIM hardware form factors and it raises a number of strong security issues: – Soft SIM would store the Operator secret credentials in software within the Mobile device operating system - the same system that is often attacked to modify the handset IMEI, perform SIM-Lock hacking and ‘jail-break’ mobile OS’s – Operators are very concerned about the reduction in security of their credentials through the use of Soft SIM. Any SIM approach not based on a certified hardware secure element wil be subject to continual attack by the hacking community and if compromised result in a serious loss of customer confidence in the security of Operator systems – Multiple Soft SIM platforms carrying credentials in differing physical platforms, al requiring security certification and accreditation would become an unmanageable overhead – both in terms of resource, and proving their security in a non-standardised virtual environment
– The GSMA is delivering a pre-standard technical specification for the Embedded SIM to meet the immediate needs of the M2M market. – The GSMA is very supportive of ETSI activity and believe that ETSI is best placed to produce a long term standard – ETSI is kept regularly updated on the Embedded SIM project