Selenium • You can use open source - Selenium tool • Selenium IDE is a plug-in to Firefox to record and playback tests (like WinRunner, QTP). • You can then export the recorded test in most language e.g. HTML, Java , .NET , Perl , Ruby etc. • The exported test can be run in any browser and any platform using "selenium remote control".
Where to get it? • You can use Selenium-Core and customize everything – deprecated. • But it is easier to just get a Firefox plug-in “Selenium-IDE” that helps you “record” test Cases. • You can record how an app is being used and then playback those recordings followed by asserts. • Get everything at: www.openqa.org/selenium/
Selenium-IDE • Integrated Development Environment for building Selenium test cases. • Operates as a Firefox add-on and provides an interface for developing and running individual test cases or entire test suites. • Selenium-IDE has a recording feature, which wil keep account of user actions as they are performed and store them as a reusable script to play back. • It also has a context menu (right-click) integrated with the Firefox browser, which al ows the user to pick from a list of assertions and verifications for the selected location. • Offers ful editing of test cases. • Although it is a Firefox only add-on, tests created in it can also be run against other browsers by using Selenium-RC & specifying the name of the test suite on the command line.
Selenium-RC (Remote Control) • Selenium-RC provides an API (Application Programming Interface) and library for each of its supported languages: HTML, Java, C#, Perl, PHP, Python, and Ruby. • This ability to use Selenium-RC with a high-level programming language to develop test cases also allows the automated testing to be integrated with a project’s automated build environment.
Selenium-Grid Selenium-Grid al ows the Selenium-RC solution to scale for test suites or test suites to be run in multiple environments. • With Selenium-Grid multiple instances of Selenium-RC are running on various operating system and browser configurations, each of these when launching register with a hub. When tests are sent to the hub they are then redirected to an available Selenium-RC, which wil launch the browser and run the test. • This al ows for running tests in paral el, with the entire test suite theoretical y taking only as long to run as the longest individual test.
Steps to start with Selenium! 1) Begin: write and run tests in Firefox. Selenium IDE is a Firefox add-on that records clicks, typing, and other actions to make a test, which you can play back in the browser. 2) Customize: your language, your browser. Selenium Remote Control (RC) runs your tests in multiple browsers and platforms. Tweak your tests in your preferred language. 3) Deploy: scale out, speed up Selenium Grid extends Selenium RC to distribute your tests across multiple servers, saving you time by running tests in paral el.
Supported Browsers * Tests developed on Firefox via Selenium-IDE can be executed on any other supported browser via a simple Selenium-RC command line. Browser Selenium-IDE Selenium-RC Operating Systems Firefox 3 1.0 Beta-1 & 1.0 Beta-2: Record and playback tests Start browser, run tests Windows, Linux, Mac Firefox 2 1.0 Beta-1: Record and playback tests Start browser, run tests Windows, Linux, Mac IE 8
Under development Windows IE 7 Test execution only via Selenium-RC Start browser, run tests Windows Safari 3 Test execution only via Selenium-RC Start browser, run tests Mac Safari 2 Test execution only via Selenium-RC Start browser, run tests Mac Opera 9 Test execution only via Selenium-RC Start browser, run tests Windows, Linux, Mac Opera 8 Test execution only via Selenium-RC Start browser, run tests Windows, Linux, Mac Google Chrome Test execution only via Selenium-RC(Windows) Start browser, run tests Windows Others Test execution only via Selenium-RC Partial support possible As applicable
Selenium Commands – Selenese 1) Actions are commands that general y manipulate the state of the application. They do things like “click this link” and “select that option”. • Can be cal ed with “AndWait” suffix, e.g. “clickAndWait”. 2) Accessors examine the state of the application and store the results in variables, e.g. “storeTitle”. • They are also used to automatical y generate Assertions. 3) Assertions are like Accessors, but verify that the state of the application conforms to what is expected. Eg. “make sure the page title is X”, “verify that this checkbox is checked”. • All Selenium Assertions can be used in 3 modes: “assert”, “verify”, and ” waitFor”. For example, you can “assertText”, “verifyText” and “waitForText”.
Selenium IDE The list of actions in the actual test case to execute The root of web application you want to test The log of the events that were executed, including any errors or warning that may have occurred
Selenium IDE Execution Record test Commands actions Try the test in the Web based TestRunner Reference of the currently selected command Specify commands, including asserts
Test Suite Execution Control Test Cases Steps of the test case Application being tested
Run Selected Test TestRunner Control Pause/Play Execution Step through Execution Run All Tests Control Speed of Execution Highlight Summary of Elements in the the Test Execution View the log of View the DOM the current of the current execution Page being tested
Selenium IDE records the Test Steps Stop Recording
Save Test Case/Test Suite
Make the required changes to the Test Case change Click to clickAndWait command
Make the required changes to the Test Case – change the email id in the second parameter Make other changes
Second Test Case: searchConsultant 1) Record 2) Stop Recording 3) Save with a Name 4) Make Required Changes to parameters or Commands 5) Play
Run the entire Test Suite/Each Test Case See RESULT Here
Test Suite on Firefox
addConsultant Test Case
Changes made to addConsultant Test Case
searchConsultant Test Case
Test Case Saved in HTML Tabular Format
Creating a Test Suite A Test Suite in Selenium is just an HTML file that contains a table of links to tests <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd"> <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> <head> <meta content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" http-equiv="content-type" /> <title>Test Suite</title> </head> <body> <table id="suiteTable" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" border="1" class="selenium"> <tbody> <tr><td><b>Test Suite</b></td></tr> <tr><td><a href="addConsultant.html">addConsultant</a></td></tr> <tr><td><a href="searchConsultant">searchConsultant</a></td></tr> </tbody> </table> </body> </html>
TestRunner Demo Execute Tests created inside the Firefox TestRunner.