Artificial Intelligence “the science and engineering of making intelligent machines” -John McCarthy, 1956
Intelligence Augmentation “The human mind ... operates by association. With one item in its grasp, it snaps instantly to the next that is suggested by the association of thoughts, in accordance with some intricate web of trails carried by the cells of the brain. It has other characteristics, of course; trails that are not frequently followed are prone to fade, items are not fully permanent, memory is transitory. Yet the speed of action, the intricacy of trails, the detail of mental pictures, is awe-inspiring beyond all else in nature. Man cannot hope fully to duplicate this mental process artificially, but he certainly ought to be able to learn from it. In minor ways he may even improve, for his records have relative permanency. The first idea, however, to be drawn from the analogy concerns selection. Selection by association, rather than indexing, may yet be mechanized. One cannot hope thus to equal the speed and flexibility with which the mind follows an associative trail, but it should be possible to beat the mind decisively in regard to the permanence and clarity of the items resurrected from storage. Consider a future device for individual use, which is a sort of mechanized private file and library. It needs a name, and, to coin one at random, "memex" will do.” – Vannevar Bush, As We May Think, 1945
A device that knows where I am better than I do, a knowing assistant telling me where to go and how to get there.
Beyond information retrieval: real time connection with other people and what they know.
Man-Computer Symbiosis “The hope is that, in not too many years, human brains and computing machines will be coupled together very tightly, and that the resulting partnership will think as no human brain has ever thought and process data in a way not approached by the information-handling machines we know today.” – Licklider, J.C.R., "Man-Computer Symbiosis", IRE Transactions on Human Factors in Electronics, vol. HFE-1, 4-11, Mar 1960. Eprint
Harnessing Collective Intelligence
A device with eyes and ears, with a sense of place, and motion, and proximity, with memory of what it’s seen and where it’s been, a connection to the people we know and love.
The spread of sensors sensor platform slide
The “intelligent” devices of the future are connected to data “We don’t have better algorithms. We just have more data.” - Peter Norvig, Chief Scientist, Google
“Would you be willing to cross the street with information that was five minutes old?” -Jeff Jonas
The global brain is us, connected and augmented
Vannevar Bush’s Memex - 1945
“Your job as a parent is to prepare your child for the future.”
If the global brain is still a child, what should we be teaching it? How should we be rearing it?
Predictive analytics in information applications mirrors human learning
Our algorithms and the goals we set for them mirror human vices and virtues
We are all Khaled Said
“Access to all the world’s information” “How can applications be better when they are social?” “Changing the world by spreading the knowledge of innovators”
How can we make the emerging global consciousness not only more resilient, but more moral?
“Virtue is knowing what you really want” -James O’Reilly