A Lasting Difference for Heritage and People: HLF and Sporting Stories Eithne Nightingale & Jo Reilly
Oral History • HLF funded first oral history project in 1998 • Awarded over £80 mil ion to more than 3100 projects with a strong oral history focus • 77% led by community and voluntary groups
Why do we fund oral history? •Fil s gaps in historical evidence & secures history at risk •Uncovers hidden histories of the marginalised “Little is known about the history of deaf tennis and the educational, cultural, community and sign language influences that have al played a big role in deaf people playing tennis since early this century.”
Mr Whal ey, two-time National Deaf Tennis
Championships Men’s Single winner
Why do we fund oral history? • Documents changes in local industry, agriculture or everyday practices such as sporting culture • Encourages intergenerational & intercultural understanding • Enriches understanding and encourages empathy • Chal enges stereotypes • Contributes to a sense of wel being, place and identity • Enlivens other heritage – gal eries, websites • Empowers local communities
Oral History projects – huge range • Our Green Street in Newham, London • Keeping the Hippodrome Story Alive in Falkirk • Memories of Italian community in the UK • 50 years of mental health heritage in Richmond • Travel ers in Scotland • Immigration to Greater Pol ock Area of Glasgow • LGBT Jewish communities • South Asians at Oxford University • Steel workers in Rotherham
Our Heritage grant: History of British Deaf Tennis • Mainly deaf volunteers from the British Deaf Association • Researched archives and memorabilia from 1915 • 100 recordings in Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum William Smith, GB Deaf tennis player, 1935-1957 • DVD, education resource,
exhibition seen by 10,000
Young Roots grant: Tribal: Social, historical impact of boxing Explored relationship of boxing to crime, ethnic identity, youth clubs and East End entertainment scene
Tribal: Social, historical impact of boxing • Young people interviewed older members of the Geezer Club & London Ex-Boxers Association after oral history training by The Bishopsgate Institute • Tours of boxing heritage sites and film research • Outputs include 10 short films, scripted dramatisations, oral history based documentaries and music videos
Our Heritage grant: Ipswich Town Football Archive
Our Heritage grant: Ipswich Town Football Archive • Catalogued archive of programmes, trophies, documents, images, audio recordings and memorabilia • Trained volunteers carried out oral histories work with Suffolk residents, including people in sheltered housing • Existing and new oral histories digitised and made available online • Permanent exhibition created in IFTC stadium.
Young Roots grant: Sporting Sisters: Stories of Muslim Women in Sport • Young women (16 yrs +) explored hidden history of Muslim women’s participation since 1948 • Training by London Metropolitan University and link with Women’s Library • 40 oral history interviews
Our Heritage grant: No Game for Girls: A history of women’s football in the First World War
No Game for Girls: A history of women’s football in the FWW • Social history of women who worked in munitions factories and set up footbal teams in Coventry • Anti-Women’s Footbal Company that led to an FA ban for 50 years • Draws on archives but also col ects ‘stories from families for a digital archive.’ • Outputs – touring exhibition, documentary film, online social media, seminars and a footbal match
A lasting difference for heritage and people HLF will award £375m a year in new grants through to 2018 But there is a competitive funding environment Good practice guidance to help
Planning and managing your oral history project – relate to HLF strategic objectives Heritage outcomes •Better managed •In better condition •Better interpreted and explained •Identified/recorded e.g. intangible heritage at risk Outcomes for people •Learnt about heritage •Developed skills •Changed attitudes and behaviour •Had an enjoyable experience •Volunteered time
Planning and managing your oral history project – relate to HLF strategic objectives (2) Outcomes for community/society •Environmental impacts wil be reduced •More people and a wider range of people wil have engaged with heritage •Organisations wil be more resilient •Local economies wil be boosted •Local areas/communities wil be a better place to live, work or visit
How does it relate to HLF strategic outcomes? ‘heritage better identified or recorded’ e.g. the history of Rugby League ‘heritage better interpreted and explained’ e.g. new online exhibition of disabled people’s involvement in sport shared appreciated Trainees or volunteers may have ‘developed skil s’ in oral history Different communities working on the use of a sporting venue by different clubs may change ‘attitudes or behaviour’ to one another Recruiting a diverse range of volunteers may result in ‘new and a wider range of people’ exploring heritage for the first time.
Planning and managing oral history projects What is the theme – how prescriptive? Is there an interest or demand? - research into other projects and on BL sound archive - does it fil a gap? - show evidence of interest beyond the project team
Recruiting interviewers • Who wil interview people – oral historians or volunteers? • What background and experience do they need? • How relevant is the background - gender, class, ethnicity? • Wil interpretation or translation be required? • What training and mentoring is needed?
Recruiting participants Need to specify -How to recruit people to be interviewed? -Interviews – number, length -Number of summaries -Number of transcriptions -Wil interviewees have special needs – people with disabilities, language needs? -Wil you have al the interview consent agreements in place?
Right equipment and software • Audio or video? – advantages and disadvantages • Get up to date advice e.g. from Oral History Society • Need to record in non compressed.WAV files • Use of stereo and external microphones • Need to be backed up onto more than one hard drive and copies made • Copy to MP3 for transcribing
Interview material •Where wil it be deposited and wil it be accessible? •Who is best placed to keep it - community or local archive, sports club, museum or library? •If external do you have a deposit agreement? •If kept internal y do you have the necessary skil s? •Are archiving costs in the budget?
The importance of partnerships • To engage with the client group • To bring in specialist expertise – Oral History Society, universities, NGOs, museums, libraries and archives • To deposit material – museums, archives • Need evidence of partnerships - Letters of support - Written letters of agreement on roles • Other partners might include – Artists and multi-media specialists – Communities - letting people know when testimonies are used
Public outputs - engagement with oral histories •Exhibition – link with objects, photographs and archive material •Gal ery instal ations •Sports events •Theatre performances •Music performances •Educational materials •Walking tour •App
Costs • Don’t underestimate – oral history is time intensive • Training and mentoring: 3 – 5 days? • Oral historian and/or volunteer costs – need to show public benefit • Equipment and software • Interpreting • Translation • Transcription • Archiving possibly by a partner • Public outputs