What is Payment Gateway? A payment gateway is an e-commerce application service provider service that authorizes payments for e-businesses(ex: online shopping carts) Before going to the payment gateways first we need to know the following terms.
Te T rms which are related to payment gateway
Electronic Commerce, commonly known as (electronic marketing) e-commerce or eCommerce, consists of the buying and sel ing of products or services over electronic systems such as the Internet and other computer networks.
Web services A A Web service is defined by the W3C as "a software system designed to support interoperable machine-to-machine interaction over a network”. For accessing every web service we need an API(Application Program Interface) key. y Web service is a platform independent.
A payment process is nothing but an transaction of money between the users and merchant (owner of the product).
In payment process we need there are 2 types of accounts. • Business Account (user) • Merchant Account (owner)
Online Shopping Example The Payment Gateway Workflow should be inserted before the checkout. After the confirm order page will the payment gateway workflow be activated
Working of Payment Gateway Visitor places the order on the website and it is sent to the merchant's web server in encrypted format. This is usually done via SSL (Secure Socket Layer) encryption. Content organization The transactions details are then forwarded to the concerned Payment Gateway. y The transaction information is then passed on to the merchants acquiring bank by the Payment Gateway. y Merchants acquiring bank then forwards the transaction information to the issuing bank (one that issued the credit card to the customer).
Then the card issuing bank sends a response back to the Payment Gateway. y The response includes information that whether the payment has been approved or declined. In case of declination the reason is also sent in the response.
The response is then forwarded by the Payment Gateway to the merchant’s server. r
At merchants server the response is encrypted again and is relayed back to the customer. r This al ows the customer to know that whether the order has been placed successful y or not.
The entire process typical y takes less than 5 seconds.
Flow of payment process
What is SSL? SSL stands for Secure Socket Layer Payment Gateways encrypt sensitive information, such as credit card numbers, to ensure that information passes securely between the customer and the merchant. SSL used HTTPS protocol.
Ty T pes of Payment Gateways
Authorize. Net (US)
Link point (US)
World Pay (Global)
Cyber Source (US)
QuickBooks Merchant Services (US Only)
Type T s of credit cards
Gateways can provide many benefits, with its main benefit being security. We recommend to all our customers that they use a payment gateway to handle all credit card payments. While VP-ASP does provide credit card number encryption and can ensure that the software is secure, it is still stored in a location that a hacker may be able to access. Whereas, when using a payment gateway, the credit card information is sent directly to the bank for verification and therefore no credit card details are stored.
In addition to security, payment gateways also provide the following benefits:
Credit card validation and processing in real time
Less fraud (but there are many stolen credit card numbers floating around)
Money is normally deposited into your bank account automatically
Reports and refunds normally allowed via browser by gateway company (not VP- ASP)
Gateway Disadvantages Every gateway company charges fees. Fees can include some or all of the following:
Fixed fee per month
Percentage fee per amount spent
A fixed fee per transaction
In addition your own bank or the gateway's bank will charge a merchant fee for the privilege of allowing credit card purchases. This can range from 1-5% or more.
Getting API certificate and credentials from Paypal
To create an API certificate, you must have a PayPal Business or Premier Account. Login into your existing Business or Premier PayPal Account, or create a new PayPal Business or Premier Account.
Click the Profile tab in the My Account sub-menu.
From the Profile Summary page, click API Access under the Account Information header.
From the API Set-up page, click Request API Credentials in the right- hand box.
The Download or Remove API Certificate page displays your API credentials and allows you to download your API certificate.
Save the values for API Username and Password. Click the Download Certificate button. You are prompted to download a file called cert_key_pem.txt. This file is your live API Certificate. Rename this file to something more familiar, such as paypal_live_cert.pem. It is not necessary to keep the .txt file extension. Be sure to remember where you save the file.