UN-REDD Approach to Safeguards （セーフガードに関するUN-REDDのアプローチ） Pham Thanh Nam Independent Consultant Forest Sector MRV: From Carbon to Safeguards, IGES, Tokyo, Japan, October, 2011
Outline（概要） UN-REDD Programme Overview UN-REDD’s activities in Vietnam UN-REDD’s safeguards and Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC) Lessons from UN-REDD’s work in Vietnam for MRV of safeguards.
UN-REDD Programme Overview （UN-REDD プログラムの概要） Supports countries to benefit from REDD+ Established in 2008 by FAO, UNDP & UNEP 1.Measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) and monitoring 2.National REDD+ governance 3.Transparent, equitable and accountable management of REDD+ funds 4.Engagement of Indigenous Peoples (IP), civil society and other stakeholders 5.Ensuring multiple benefits of forests and REDD+ 6.REDD+ as a catalyst for transformations to a green economy
UN-REDD’s activities in Vietnam （ベトナム国でのUN-REDDの活動） Goal: By the end of 2012 Viet Nam is REDD- ready and able to contribute to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation nationally and regionally Objective: To assist the Government of Viet Nam in developing an effective REDD+ regime in Viet Nam and to contribute to reduction of regional displacement of emissions
UN-REDD’s safeguards Activities （UN-REDDのセーフガードに関する活動） UN-REDD Programme Social and Environmental Principles and Criteria Draft MRV, Information, and Monitoring Framework Documents Benefit Distribution System, BDS local consultation FPIC Participatory Carbon Monitoring National REDD+ Information System (Draft UN- REDD phase 2) Recourse mechanism (Draft UN-REDD phase 2)
UN-REDD’s safeguards and Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC) （UN-REDDのセーフガードと自由で事前の情報に基づく合意 （FPIC) ） UN-REDD Programme Social and Environmental Principles and Criteria, Draft Version 3, September, 2011 ◦ The Principles and Criteria are coherent with and draw from the broad guidance provided by the Cancun agreement ◦ Emerge from the existing rich body of knowledge and literature on safeguards, standards and certification
UN-REDD’s safeguards Principles （UN-REDDのセーフガードに関する原則） 1. Apply norms of democratic governance, including those reflected in national commitments and Multilateral Agreements 2. Respect and protect stakeholder rights, including human rights, statutory and customary rights, and collective rights 3. Promote and enhance forests’ contribution to sustainable livelihoods 4. Contribute to low carbon, climate resilient sustainable development policy, consistent with national development strategies, national forest programmes and commitments under international conventions and agreements
UN-REDD’s safeguards Principles （UN-REDDのセーフガードに関する原則） 5. Protect natural forest from degradation or conversion to other land uses, including plantation forest 6. Maintain and enhance multiple functions of forest to deliver benefits including biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services 7. Minimise adverse impacts (direct and indirect) on non-forest ecosystem services and biodiversity
UN-REDD’s safeguards and Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC) （UN-REDDのセーフガードと自由で事前の情報に基づく合意 （FPIC) ） The UN-REDD Viet Nam programme has pioneered the application of FPIC in two districts, Lam Ha and Di Linh of Lam Dong province. Respecting the rights of Indigenous Peoples and other forest dependent communities is vital for the UN-REDD Programme to successfully carry out its activities.
UN-REDD’s safeguards and Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC) （UN-REDDのセーフガードと自由で事前の情報に基づく合意 （FPIC) ） RECOFTC conducted evaluation and verification (E&V) of the FPIC process ◦ Some information could not be provided to local people ◦ Lack of time for internal discussion in the village ◦ Lack of a complaint and review mechanism
Lessons from UN-REDD’s work in Vietnam for MRV of safeguards (セーフガードMRVに関するUN-REDDからの知見） Preparation for the FPIC process （FPICプロセスへの準備） ◦ Age profile ◦ Facilitation skills ◦ Use of civil society organizations ◦ FPIC process design International legal framework （国際的な法的枠組み） ◦ National guidelines related to FPIC ◦ Governance contexts ◦ Limitations to the process ◦ Feedback and documentation mechanism ◦ Time for internal discussion ◦ Capacity building for villagers
Lessons from UN-REDD’s work in Vietnam for MRV of safeguards (セーフガードMRVに関するUN-REDDからの知見） Implementation of the FPIC process （FPICプロセス の実施） ◦ Initiation of consultation processes ◦ Decision-making processes ◦ Information and communication strategy ◦ Transparency and good faith Grievance and review mechanism （抗議とメカニズムの検討） ◦ The outcomes of the FPIC process ◦ Public announcement of the outcomes
Lessons from UN-REDD’s work in Vietnam for MRV of safeguards (セーフガードMRVに関するUN-REDDからの知見） MRV, Information and Monitoring is an important element of implementation of safeguards. Existing legal framework in country Country specific safeguards development ◦ UN-REDD Social and Environmental Safeguards Principles and Criteria ◦ FCPF – Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment ◦ CCBA – REDD+ Social and Environmental safeguards Lessons from FPIC, BDS, PCM for local people engagement in designing, implementation, and monitoring phases