The color wheel is a means of organizing the colors in the spectrum.
The color wheel consists of 12 sections, each containing one hue.
A hue is a name of a color on the color wheel.
This lesson will discuss each of the colors, color harmonies and how they are created.
The Primary Color Triad yellow The primary colors are, red, yellow and blue and are the purest and most intense of all the colors. The intensity of a color is the brightness or dullness of a color. They form a triangle on the color wheel and are colors that cannot be red mixed from any other blue colors. These are the only colors that can be found in nature.
The Secondary Color Triad
The secondary colors are orange, green and violet and are duller orange green than the primaries because they have been mixed together.
They form a triangle on the color wheel and are colors that are mixed from the primary colors.
Primary + Primary = secondary Red + yellow=orange Blue + yellow= green
violet Red + blue= violet
The Intermediate (Tertiary) Colors
These colors are yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue- violet, red-orange, red-violet and Yellow Yellow are even duller than the secondary orange green colors because the primary has been mixed with a secondary.
These 6 colors are formed by mixing a primary and a secondary color. Red Blue
Primary + Secondary = Tertiary orange green yellow + orange=yellow-orange red + orange = red-orange red + violet =red-violet blue + violet = blue-violet Red Blue blue + green =blue-green violet violet yellow + gr een = yellow-green
The Analogous Color Yellow
Sc Analag he ous c m olor e s are at least 3 Yellow colors that sit side by side on Orange a color wheel and have one common hue. Orange
Example- yellow, yellow-orange, orange Red Orange An analogous color cannot have two primary colors in its scheme because the primary colors have nothing in common The color scheme creates a sense of harmony and is similar in appearance because the colors have a
common yellow hue.
Co Com l po le r m eS nt cheme ary colors are colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel.
Imagine the color wheel as a clock. Pick the color directly opposite that number and you will have your complementary colors. (2 green and 8 red)
A complement absorbs all the light waves the other color reflects and is the strongest contrast to the color.
The Split Complementary Color Scheme yellow
Split Complementary colors are 3 colors that are combined by one hue plus the hues on each side of its complement. • As an example: Choose the color yellow •Take yellow’s complement which is violet and take the hues on each side of the complement (red-violet and blue-violet) but not the complement, and combine with the yellow. Red Blue Violet Violet Violet •Yellow, blue-violet and red-violet
The Double-Split Complementary Color Scheme Complementary color yellow Double-Split Yellow-Orange Yellow-Green Complementary schemes consist of 4 colors, two on either side of the two complements, but not the original set of colors. Red-Violet Blue-Violet Complementary color violet
The Monochromatic Color Scheme
Monochromatic colors are one color(hue) with the tints and shades of that color. Tint- adding white to the color Shade-adding black to the color Value- lights and darks of an object Tone- adding gray to a color
The Warm and Cool Color Scheme
Warm colors range from: yellow yellow-orange orange red-orange red red-violet and are colors that advance towards you. Cool colors range from: yellow-green green blue-green blue blue violet violet
and are colors that recede or go into the picture
Grayscale A value scale is a scale of grays running from black to white.
Neutral Colors are those colors not found on the color wheel but are mixed by other colors on the color wheel. White Brown Gray Black
Emotional Properties of Color Colors are often associated with emotions. Most people have a favorite color, probably stemming from long traditions and impressions of color. The feelings one has about certain colors may come from the association we have with warm and cool colors in nature.
Color of Emotions
Red- often associated with evil,
Black- associated with bad danger, energy, vitality, speed luck, mounful, stark, dramatic and courage. It s dynamic
Purple- a symbol for royalty or when used in a design. wealth and stands for the
Blue- a calm, soothing, and purest and highest ideal. Is tranquil color, harmony and sophisticated and creative. serenity , of divine inspiration
Green- signifies life or hope. Is sometimes associated with nature’s most abundant color. sadness or depression It is the balance between warm
Yellow- a cheery color that and cool and the symbol of embodies light and warmth. Is friendship the color of the mind. A
Orange- blends with the creative energy which is joyful physical energy of red with the and uplifting. intellectual influence of yellow. White- symbolizes purity,truth, innocence,