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In financial stock markets, dark pools, which never provide any order books and quotes, are becom...
In financial stock markets, dark pools, which never provide any order books and quotes, are becoming widely used. It is said that dark pools may lead to stabilization of markets. However, an increased use of dark pools does raise regulatory concerns as it may ultimately affect the quality of the price discovery mechanism. In this study, we built an artificial market model, multi-agent simulation, including one lit market, which provides all order books to investors, and one dark pool to investigate whether dark pools stabilize markets or not. We found that as the dark pool is increasingly used, markets become more stable. We also found that using the dark pool more reduces the market impacts. However, if other investors' usage rates of dark pools become too large, investors must use the dark pool more than other investors to avoid market impacts. When tick size of a lit market is large, dark pools are more useful to avoid market impacts. These results suggest that dark pools stabilize markets when the usage rate is under some threshold and negatively affect the market when the usage rate is over that threshold. Our simulation results suggested the threshold might be much lager than the usage rate in present real financial markets.