Five laws of library science S. R. Ranganathan 1. Books are for use. 2. Every reader his [or her] book. 3. Every book its reader. 4. Save the time of the reader. 5. The library is a growing organism. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_laws_of_library_science Book library を学術情報、 を学術情報基盤と読み換えてみる
NII's Short Story • May 1976 The Research Center for Library and Information Science (RCLIS) is established at the University of Tokyo. • April 1983 The Center for Bibliographic Information is established at the University of Tokyo. • April 1986 The National Center for Science Information Systems (NACSIS) is established • April 2000 The National Institute of Informatics (NII) is established
NII’s history(2) • December 1984 The Catalog InformaƟon Service is started→NACSIS-CAT • April 1987 Operation of Science Information Network and Information Retrieval Service (NACSIS-IR) is started. • The Electronic Mail Service (NACSIS-MAIL) is started. • April 1992 The Inter-Library Loan System (NACSIS-ILL) is started. Operation of Internet backbone network service (SINET) is started. • April 1997 The Electronic Library Service (NACSIS-ELS) is started. • April 2005 The official service of GeNii (NII Scholarly and Academic Information Portal) is launched.
Goal Construct the access path to Academic Contents Speedy, Broad and Cheap
1'st Stage : build index on network! • NACSIS-CAT(1984 ) ～ System for constructing union catalog databases designed to provide at-a-glance information on academic information archived at university libraries across Japan. http://www.nii.ac.jp/CAT-ILL/en/ • NACSIS-ILL(1992 ) ～ system supports inter-library services for document reproduction and lending of literature to researchers. http://www.nii.ac.jp/CAT-ILL/en/ • NACSIS-IR(1987 2005) ～ Operation of Science Information Network and Information Retrieval Service →GeNii(2005-)
2nd Stage : build collections on network! NACSIS-ELS (1997-2005) ・ The Electronic Library Service.→GeNii(2005-) GeNii(2005-) ・ NII Scholarly and Academic Information http://ge.nii.ac.jp/genii/jsp/index-e.jsp
CSI's project the Cyber Science Infrastructure • Next-Generation Science Information Network： SINET3, • University Public Key Infrastructure UPKI ： for sharing information and securing information access in universities, • Grid Middleware for high performance computing NAREGI ： • Next-Generation Scholarly Information Infrastructure
Next-Generation Scholarly Information Infrastructure Collaboration with University Libraries – NACSIS-CAT/ILL Establishment of union catalog databases and promotion of ILL （interlibrary loan system） – Promoting dissemination of scholarly journals Digitizing and providing research bulletins of universities – Supporting institutional repositories Support for the construction and the collaboration Collaboration with Academic Societies – Electronic Library Service（NII-ELS） – International Scholarly Communication Initiative （SPARC Japan） – Academic Society Home Village Portal Service – Scholarly and Academic Information Portal（GeNii） •http://ir.library.osaka-u.ac.jp/metadb/up/DRFIC2008/Adachi.pdf