Larger class sizes can cause student achievement to decrease.
For first through seventh grades, using student/teacher ratio as a measure of class size, Ferguson found that district student achievement fell as the student/teacher ratio increased for every student above an 18 to 1 ratio. Smaller class students substantially outperformed larger class students on both standardized (Stanford Achievement Tests) and curriculum-based tests (Basic Skills First). U.S. Department of Education
Research Purpose The purpose of this research is to address the impact that class size has on student achievement.
Significance of the study Many school districts are increasing class size due to budget cuts. Both students and teachers will suffer from larger class sizes. Reducing class sizes will have many benefits, but most importantly, an increase in student achievement.
U.S. Deptartment of Education believes in reducing class size Small classes were associated with higher achievement at all grade levels Major benefits of reducing class size occurred where the number of students in the class was fewer than 20. At the fourth-grade level, lower student/teacher ratios are positively related to higher mathematics achievement. At the eighth-grade level, lower student/teacher ratios improve the school social environment, which in turn leads to higher achievement. U.S. Department of Education
Why smaller classroom size is important Class size reduction changes numerous features of the classroom situation. There are fewer students to distract each other. Each student in a reduced size class gets more attention on average from the teacher, and more time to speak while the others listen. Reduced class size also reduces the level of noise in a class.
U.S. Department of Education
Conclusion Smaller class sizes can reduce noise and behavior problems increase student achievement have a positive impact on how students feel about school increase attendance rates
Conclusion Even with decreasing budgets, there are ways to for students to have the benefit of smaller class sizes. “ineffective educational interventions can minimize the cost of smaller classes. Extra teachers in a school who do not have regular class assignments are costly and may not have the same positive impact on achievement as shrinking class size” Class size: counting students can count (2003)
Class size: counting students can count. (2003). American Educational Research Association (Issue 2, 1). Retrieved from http://www.aera.net/uploadedFiles/Journals_and_Publi cations/Research_Points/RP_Fall03.pdf Class Size Matters. (n.d.) Class size matters.org. Retrieved from www.classsizematters.org Martinez, B. (2011, May 27). City classroom size on the rise. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/home-page