Shigeru Kobayashi (Institute of Advanced Media Arts and Sciences [IAMAS]) Forum: Makers in Visionary / 客与前瞻! Rebuilding the world, from the‘periphery’ First of all, thank you very much for inviting me. I’m really happy to be here to get a chance to give a talk for this very exciting session.
Self-introduction As a Maker and an educator in the era of the Maker Movement Let me introduce about myself as a Maker brieﬂy.
Maker Faire Shenzhen Gainer v1.0（2006年） 写真撮影：高尾俊介 In 2005, prototyping physical interfaces and interactions was not so easy at that time I designed Gainer, a toolkit for physical computing, with my colleagues in 2005. It was just before the era of Arduino. Since prototyping physical interfaces and interactions was not so easy at that time, we developed Gainer for designers and artists.
写真提供：ICC I learned huge needs of developing skills of creating ideas from scratch and make it physical After releasing Gainer, I get many requests from manufacturers. Through holding workshops for designers, engineers and marketers at manufacturers, I learned huge needs of developing skills of creating ideas from scratch and make it physical.
I believed that those are the indications of the new era of industry Simultaneously, I felt the rise of the Maker Movement. I believed that those are the indications of the new era of industries. To introduce related activities and players, I wrote several articles to Make magazine in Japanese.
写真撮影：萩原健一 As an educator in the era of the Maker Movement, I wrote several books. This is ‘Prototyping Lab’, a book to introduce various ways of prototyping with utilizing Arduino. The book is now published in three languages.
PrototypingLab 006 作 品 紹 介 風 の 音 楽 風の音楽 ephemeral melody 鈴木莉紗 Risa Suzuki 007 作 品 紹 介 付 録 デ ー タ 処 理 高 度 な レ シ ピ 出 力 入 力 イ ン ト ロ ダ ク シ ョ ン Works: introducing various works to inspire Makers The book consists of three parts. Firstly, introducing various works to inspire Makers.
Photo by SparkFun Electronics (CC: BY-NC-SA 3.0) Arduino Fio: a small Arduino with a battery charger and a socket for a XBee wireless modem And I designed Arduino Fio with Sparkfun Electronics in 2010. It’s a small Arduino with a battery charger and a socket for a XBee wireless modem. Of course, it’s an open source hardware product.
An open source Geiger counter with GPS and logger function developed by Safecast Recently, Arduino Fio has been utilized as a part of a very interesting project, bGeigie Nano. bGeigie Nano is an open source Geiger counter with GPS and logger function developed by Safecast. It consists of various open source hardware products by SparkFun and Adafruit.
The team held workshops in Fukushima and other areas of Japan, and has been publishing gathered data as online maps and smartphone applications.
Introduction We are Makers (by Dale Dougherty) OK, let me introduce the Maker Movement in Japan around us.
Mini Maker Faire in Ogaki, a city with a population of 200,000 people We held Mini Maker Faire two times in our local town, Ogaki. Ogaki is a city with a population of 200,000 people. Though it’s a really small in comparison to Shenzhen or Tokyo,
>140 teams of Makers and 5,00 visitors we welcomed over 140 teams of Makers and 5,000 visitors
from all over the country from all over the country.
There were many interesting things by Makers
I believe in creativity of people as Makers I believe in creativity of people as Makers. I hope that you too. ;) The next one is an accelerator of the movement.
fabrication // 製造 fabulous // 素晴らしい fun // 楽しい foundation // 基礎・土台 failure // 失敗 future // 未来 federation // 連合 factory // 工場 facilitation // 促進 foolish // ばかげた fab // 誂える・拵える あつら こしら fusion // 融合 We have been running a studio with digital fabrication tools for two years, as a part of our institute. ↓ We named the workshop as ‘f.Labo’. The ‘f’ stands for various meanings. ↓ Usually, people at big companies fears failures. But to learn something, failures are very important. f.Labo is a safe base camp.
The space is like this.
CNC (Roland D. G.: Modela MDX-40A) Laser cutter (Trotec: Speedy300) 3D printer (3D Systems: Cube) Paper cutter (Graphtec: Craft ROBO) And there are various digital fabrication tools.
CNC (ShopBot: PRSalpha 96-48-6) 3D printer (MakerBot: Replicator 5th Gen.) 3D modeling I/F (3D Systems: Freeform) 3D scanner (Rubicon: 3D scanner)
do as told have a good command workshops as a‘stamp board’ Through observations of makers and students, we found that there is a gap between ‘do as told’ and ‘have a good command’. That’s why we designed over 20 workshops as a stamp board,
http://f-labo.tumblr.com This is an example. Started with drawing patterns and scanning, painted colors on an acrylic board, fabricated with a laser cutter. In the end, they got colorful buttons like this.
This is a little bit different. Started with drawing, made data with Illustrator, fabricated with a laser cutter. In the end, they got goods for lunch boxes.
One more example. Started with scanning with 123D Catch by Autodesk, edited, and printed with 3D printers. In the end, they got caps with faces for PET bottles.
tankaizu = illustrated parts breakdown budokai = martial arts cup As a project of the studio, we held Tenkaizu Budokai two times. The cup is named after Dragon Ball. Tenkaizu means illustrated parts breakdown, and budokai means martial arts cup.
Rules: 1. Should be built with 2.5mm thick MDF boards fabricated with a laser cutter and parts printed with a 3D printer 2. All parts should be assembled without glues The regulation was like this. Firstly, should be built with 2.5mm thick MDF boards fabricated with a laser cutter and parts printed with a 3D printer. Secondly, all parts should be assembled without glues.
Maker Faire Tokyo 2013 with O’Reilly Japan The last time was held with O’Reilly Japan as a part of the Maker Faire Tokyo 2013.
There were very interesting projects by Makers.
I really like his stool. This is a ‘transformer’
between a stool and a spider. As mentioned so far, Makers are really creative people.
Rebuilding the world from the‘periphery’ So let’s talk about the vision.
‘Shenzhen is known as the Hollywood of Makers’ by Seeed Studio
Manufacturers Makers In reality, the volume of Makers, if we looking at the whole industry, might be like this. But I feel that the gap between Manufacturers and Makers has been getting closer in last a few years by leaders such as Seeed Studio, PCH and so on.
Mainstream Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions Restrictions I have been trying to make people more innovative in Japan, but I feel it’s a little bit difficult. Japan is a so called developed country with many highly skilled manufacturers and creative people, but there are many restrictions especially for mainstream industry.
Mainstream How might we rebuild the world as more innovative ecosystems?
Mainstream ‘Periphery’ To tackle this challenge, I’d like to prose rebuilding the world from the ‘periphery’, instead of the mainstream. Since that should be much easier.
Case 1 An open make-a-thon event held with Engadget Japanese I’ll introduce my ideas utilizing case studies. I held over 10 make-a-thon events in this one year. This is one of them.
>30 participants including; software developers, hardware engineers, UI/UX designers, artists and local factory engineers We gathered around 30 participants including; software developers, hardware engineers, UI/ UX designers, artists and local factory engineers.
The design challenge of make-a-thon events How might we make our daily life pleasant with smartphone gadgets? The design challenge was, “How might we make our daily life pleasant with smartphone gadgets?”.
Electronics Circuit Exterior Smart- phoneApp Web Service konashi How might we encourage participants to think of the whole? The participants were encourage to think of the whole (big picture) instead of their comfort zones such as… To further facilitate communication between zones, we utilized konashi by Yukai Engineering.
http://www.flickr.com/photos/opencu/sets/72157633896214841/ draw sketches to externalize and share ideas In the beginning of each event, we held idea sketching sessions starting from deﬁning who and when, then drawing sketches to externalize and share ideas in a common format by following the same sketching rules.
http://www.flickr.com/photos/opencu/sets/72157633896214841/ and practical ways of utilizing basic sensors and actuators. To simplify the step, we utilized the Grove toolkit by Seeed Studio. We found that the Grove toolkit was really helpful! After these introductory workshops, participants worked together toward the demonstration session on the day two.
Day 1 1-3 week(s) Day 2 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Introduction Make (distributed activities) Make (integration) Introduction Make (distributed activities) Make (integration) Lunch (team building) Make (distributed activities) Make (integration) Idea sketching Make (distributed activities) Make (integration) Idea sketching Make (distributed activities) Make (integration) Getting started Make (distributed activities) Make (integration) Hardware sketching Make (distributed activities) Make (integration) Hardware sketching Make (distributed activities) Presentation Presentation Make (distributed activities) Presentation Usually, hack-a-thon or make-a-thon events are held in continuous two days in a weekend. But we divided into two separate days. Since making physical things is a time consuming task. For example, purchase components online will take a day to be delivered. Print something with a 3D printer will take a few hours to a day. To let participants making things at high quality, we designed the schedule like this.
Engadget部活動:電子工作部「スマホ連係ガジェットを作ろう！」チーム「せんたく風鈴」 2013年8月17日（土）・25日（日） This is an example. The members of the team were a software developer, a hardware engineer, a planner, an engineer working at a small factory and so on. The team worked together,
Engadget部活動:電子工作部「スマホ連係ガジェットを作ろう！」チーム「せんたく風鈴」 2013年8月17日（土）・25日（日） They generated many ideas through an idea sketching session. Except for designers, people tend to hesitate drawing by hand, since they believe that they are bad at drawing. But once we introduced a simple rule of sketching in a few minutes, they started drawing immediately.
Engadget部活動:電子工作部「スマホ連係ガジェットを作ろう！」チーム「せんたく風鈴」 2013年8月17日（土）・25日（日） The participants generated many and
Engadget部活動:電子工作部「スマホ連係ガジェットを作ろう！」チーム「せんたく風鈴」 2013年8月17日（土）・25日（日） many ideas.
Engadget部活動:電子工作部「スマホ連係ガジェットを作ろう！」チーム「せんたく風鈴」 2013年8月17日（土）・25日（日） A companion device with sensors for smart phone that inform status of washing And the member of the team made a choice in the end of the day one. The idea was a companion device with sensors for smart phone that inform status of washing.
Within a few days, they worked in parallel to create parts through applying theirs skills
Engadget部活動:電子工作部「スマホ連係ガジェットを作ろう！」チーム「せんたく風鈴」 2013年8月17日（土）・25日（日） On the day two, all members got together to integrate components such as graphic elements
Engadget部活動:電子工作部「スマホ連係ガジェットを作ろう！」チーム「せんたく風鈴」 2013年8月17日（土）・25日（日） towards
Engadget部活動:電子工作部「スマホ連係ガジェットを作ろう！」チーム「せんたく風鈴」 2013年8月17日（土）・25日（日） Good enough to introduce and evaluate the idea the end of the day two. It was a little bit bigger in comparison to the original idea. However, it was good enough to introduce and evaluate the idea.
In the end, they demonstrated in front of all participants.
Case 2 A project started with a closed make-a-thon The second case is a product development project. We embedded a make-a-thon as a kick- starter of the project.
This is ‘Hikarimasu’. I know more interesting projects in addition, but I can’t introduce today. Since they are under development as products.
Gathering diverse people, creating ideas together, making prototypes as Makers is a really practical way to create innovation
Manufacturers Makers It’s the end of my talk, so let me conclude. As I mentioned before, the volume of Makers might be like this. But I feel that the gap between Manufacturers and Makers has been getting closer in last a few years by leaders such as Seeed Studio, PCH and so on.
Mainstream ‘Periphery’ To change the world, starting from the ‘periphery’, instead of the mainstream.
Manufacturers Makers If we interpret the world like this, I believe that we can rebuild the world from the ‘periphery’. Let’s rebuild the world from us, Makers! Thank you very much.