PANDORA WORLD TOUR 18 months making the case for nuclear power
“The question is often asked, can you be an environmentalist and be pro-nuclear?
In light of climate change, can you be an environmentalist and NOT be pro-nuclear?” Stewart Brand
SUNDANCE 2013 Team Pandora prepares for battle
SUNDANCE FILM FESTIVAL 1988 2009 2013
80% anti-nuclear 20% pro-nuclear BEFORE THE FILM
20% anti-nuclear 80% pro-nuclear AFTER THE FILM
WHY WAS PANDORA EFFECTIVE? • Values Alignment - nuclear as a tool to achieve a shared objective • Power of Story - the conversion narrative • Not “You’re wrong” but “We’ve been misled” • Independence - no industry financing the film • Street cred - my history and the history of the film’s protagonists
The most important environmental “An Elaborate Hoax. documentary since Everything about it “An Inconvenient Truth” is a lie.” Chicago Tribune Bobby Kennedy Jr. “Provocative and important. Pandora’s “A cosmic Promise is essential douche vortex.” viewing” GRIST Magazine New York Times
Ken Caldera James Hansen Kerry Emanuel Tom Wigley Worlds leading climate & energy scientists plead with environmental leaders to support advanced nuclear energy
scientific environmental community leadership environmental green power grassroots movement
Anderson Cooper, Robert Stone, Dale Bryk (NRDC), Dr. James Hansen Anderson Cooper hosts post-broadcast debate on CNN
Clinton’s EPA Chief and Obama’s c
“I used to be anti-nuclear, but several years ago I had to reevaluate my thinking, because if you agree with the world’s leading climate scientists that global warming is real and must be addressed immediately, then you cannot simply oppose clean, low-carbon energy sources.”
Ellen Claussen: head
Center for Climate an
“Losing more of our existing nuclear fleet will make it that much tougher to meet our carbon reduction goals. We need to keep ramping up renewables but they can’t meet our need for reliable power 24/7. Nuclear is a base load source that’s carbon free, two things we need.”
Cohen: head of the
Air Task Force
“I can tell you it wasn’t easy for me - who as a lawyer back in the ’80’s started my career fighting nuclear power - to come around to the view that it actually may be one of the things in our portfolio that may be necessary to save us. But this is where the facts lead you.”
Noted liberals who favor nuclear power • Dalai Lama • George Monbiot • Sir Richard Branson • Hugh Montefiore • Bill Gates • Stephen Tindale • Paul Allen • James Lovelock • Hendrik Hertzburg • Jeffery Sachs • John Holdren • Senator Al Franken • Steven Chu • Ansel Adams
Even Michael Moore gets it
Editorial Board “…The watch word here, and in the world at large, should be prudence. Prudence in the design, maintenance, and operation of all nuclear facilities. Prudence also in the sense that policy makers not be spooked into shutting down a vital source of clean energy in a warming world. The great shield over Chernobyl should also entomb unfounded fears of using nuclear power in the future.”
LESSONS • Facts alone are not persuasive. • Facts can actually backfire. • “Confirmation bias” & “Motivated reasoning” • Source of information more important than the information itself. • Social Media - we get our information from friends sharing with friends. • Values alignment - can’t be manufactured, must be genuine. • Important to understand and empathize with your opponents POV
ENVIRONMENTAL ASSUMPTIONS • We’re running out of fossil fuels. • Energy efficiency will reduce overall energy demand. • Wind and solar energy will gradually replace the use of fossil fuels. • The world will agree to limit carbon emissions. • More energy = more environmental destruction. Less energy = less environmental destruction.
The End of Oil? WE CAN’T COUNT ON THE MARKET TO SOLVE THIS PROBLEM.
MAN + ENERGY = BAD (really?)
CLIMATE TREATY? • Kyoto 1999 (failure) • Oslo 2001 (failure) • Rio 2004 (failure) • Copenhagen 2011 (failure) • Durban 2012 (failure) • Warsaw 2013 (failure) • Paris 2015 (?)
The Case Against Nuclear
The Case for Renewables
Is Germany proof that renewables can replace fossil fuels?
GERMANY 5% electricity from solar 8% electricity from wind
What was the percentage of German electricity from BROWN COAL in 2013?
What was the percentage of German electricity from BROWN COAL in 1993?
“1 Million Dead at Chernobyl” Huh?
Memorial Service for Chernobyl Victims April 26, 2014
DEATHS PER TERRAWATT
Can we build nuclear fast enough? yes we can!
FRANCE • Cleanest air in the industrialized world. • Lowest electric rates in Europe. • Half the per-capita CO2 emissions of Germany. • Huge export industry of nuclear technology and electricity. • No negative health effects.
“Mountains of Nuclear Waste” Really?
Gen IV Exists Only on Paper? The story of the IFR is real-world proof of concept
COST? New modular reactors can be built the way Boeing builds jetliners? • Cheaper • Safer • More Reliable • Highly Scalable
President Obama 2010 State of the Union “…we need more production, more efficiency, more incentives. And that means building a new generation of safe, clean nuclear power plants in this country.”
BOTH Democrats and Republicans gave him a standing ovation!