NUCLEAR FUSION FUELS FOR THE FUTURE Jodi Crookshank Excelsior College June 12, 2016
Currently Deuterium-tritium fuel is being utilized in the test reactors for nuclear fusion.
The chemistry make up for the reaction currently utilized in test reactors looks like this
The Hydrogen-Boron reaction
Amount of Energy in Hydrogen- Boron reaction
Nuclear Fusion reactor challenges
There are a few different ways to go about creating reactors that are needed for nuclear fusion.
For fusion to occur, reactor temperatures would have to be on the order of 200 million degrees Celsius
No material on earth can withstand 200 million degrees without melting
Two basic strategies: 1) Magnetic Confinement: Confine the plasma with magnetic fields so that the plasma will not touch the containment walls 2) Inertial Confinement: Supply large amounts of energy very quickly (i.e. shoot with lasers) so that the fuel is burned before it has time to expand and touch the walls
Current Fusion reactor
How the ITER generates a magnetic field.
Polywell Nuclear Reactor
Sizing of a Polywell
One more Strange but interesting side note
Nuclear fusion Utilizing Hydrogen Boron fuel is the way of the future. No carbon dioxide emitted to the plant No radioactive waste that needs to be disposed of No toxic gas produced from tritium