The Power of “Open.” Heather Joseph Executive Director, SPARC NASIG Annual Conference Albuquerque, NM June 11, 2016
Despite the promise of the Internet, the materials we most need the freedom to work with remain largely under restrictive access, pricing and reuse policies.
We found ourselves with 20th century policies and practices governing 21st century information.
“An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good.“ - The Budapest Open Access Initiative - www.boai.org
“The public good is the world- wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds.” The Budapest Open Access Initiative - www.boai.org
“Removing access barriers to this literature wil accelerate research, enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor and the poor with the rich, make this literature as useful as it can be, and lay the foundation for uniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge.” -The Budapest Open Access Initiative - www.boai.org
“Open” Access = Immediate Access + Full Reuse
“Open” can provide a solution to a problems, and a lever to create new opportunities.
Lots of different problems. Lots of different opportunities
This diversity is both a core strength – and a key weakness – of our initial Open Access efforts.
What problem(s) are we using Open Access to try and solve?
Library budgets & journal prices
• NEED GRAPHIC OF PAY-PER-VIEW Screen 16 www.arl.org/sparc
And it gets even more challenging when we consider parallel community efforts:
This has also meant that different stakeholders have pursued different strategies...
The “Green” Road.
The “Gold” Road.
Using Open Licenses.
Again, All are absolutely legitimate...
A decade and change later…
We have made lots of progress. But - only a fraction of the communities we want to reach have fully “bought-into” Open Access.
Independ ent consultant interviewed stakeholders: libraries, researchers/faculty, students, policy makers, funders, publishers, and members of the public to get their (honest!) input.
What do we know now that we didn’t know when we started? What could/should we be doing to address those things?
1. We need to Look at the Whole Board.
“The Open Agenda” Open Acces s to Articles…. Open Access to Data Sharing Code Open Source Software Open Notebooks Open Educational Resources Open Peer Review Assessments Valuing Open Open...
2. We Need to Clearly Define our End Goal.
Setting the default to “open” in research and education.
3. Why “Open?”
Not just “Open” for Open’s Sake….
…But Open “in Order to...”
Opening access to research articles in order to…spee d up progress towards curing Parkinson’s disease. Opening access to research data in order to...prevent a Zika pandemic. Opening access to textbooks in order to...make college more afordable to all students.
4. We need to Reward “Open” in Meaningful Ways.
Need large scale efforts to develop new principles, incentives, mechanisms, metrics for evaluation and assessment…
…And we also need smaller, local efforts to lay the foundation for change…
How many of your institutions ask any questions about Open Access, Open Data or OERs in their evaluation, promotion and tenure forms?
All of these are large challenges.
But Every Challenge is an Oppo rtunity.
In recent speeches, the Vice President of the United States has floated these potential policy priorities:
•Make research articles openly available on day one. •Openly share research data. •Incentivize researchers to share their data. •Measure progress by improving patient outcomes, not just publications.
Not “if” – but “how.”
Open in order to: Create a system for sharing knowledge that is optimized to serve the needs of humanity.
Thank You! Heather Joseph Executive Director, SPARC email@example.com www.sparcopen.org