Variations in food consumption patterns between DCs and LDCs over time. • Classified using 2 types of indicators • Economic indicators –Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita –Employment opportunity • Social indicators –Adult literacy rate –Life expectancy
GDP per capita • Total value of all final goods and services produced by the country in a year divided by population. • The larger the number, the more developed the country is likely to be. • Productive industries with well- developed services lead to high GDP per capita.
Employment opportunity • Availability of jobs in a country • More opportunity means more chances for locals to have jobs. • Higher employment rate means more income and a better standard of living.
Adult literacy rate • % of people aged 15 and above who can read and write. • High literacy rate means workers are more skilled. Earn more money. • Higher literacy rate tends to mean more developed.
Life expectancy • Average number of years a person born in a country is expected to live. • Influenced by the healthcare, water, sanitation, food supply and living conditions. • War, disease and poverty lowers life expectancy.
Examples • Developed Countries (DCs) –Australia, Japan, South Korea, USA, Singapore. • Less Developed Countries (LDCs) –Bangladesh, Brazil, Indonesia, Uganda.
Indicators of food consumption 1.Food consumption per capita 2.Daily calorie intake 3.Starchy staples as a percentage of all calories
Food Consumption per capita • Average amount of food a person consumes per year. • Measured in Kilogrammes per capita per year. • Individual groups like meat, vegetables, cereals. • DCs tend to take more in total • DCs tend to take more meat and vegetables • LDCs tend to take more cereals
Daily calorie intake • Energy obtained from food consumed per person each day. • Measured in kilocalories • Daily human requirement is about 2586 kilocalories. • Generally since 1960s, the daily calorie intake for DCs and LDCs have both increased. Graph on Pg 94
Starchy staples • Starchy foods hold carbohydrates • Energy giving component • Occupations that require high energy source – Unskilled labour work. • Primary Industries / Secondary Industries. • Services / Tertiary Industries do not need large percentage of carbohydrates. • LDCs consume more cereals and grains.
END OF LESSON 1 • Go to page 96 of your textbook. • Look at Pitstop 1. • We will be doing Pitstop 1 during the week’s lesson.