國際民航公約第 13 號附約(ICAO Annex 13) The sole objective of the investigation of an accident or incident shall be the prevention of accidents and incidents. It is not the purpose of this activity to apportion blame or liability.
State of Occurrence 5.1 The State of Occurrence shall institute an investigation into the circumstances of the accident and be responsible for the conduct of the investigation, but it may delegate the whole or any part of the conducting of such investigation to another State or a regional accident investigation organization by mutual arrangement and consent. In any event, the State of Occurrence shall use every means to facilitate the investigation.
ICAO Annex 13 CHAPTER 4. NOTIFICATION
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE STATE OF OCCURRENCE Forwarding 4.1 The State of Occurrence shall forward a notification of an accident or serious incident, with a minimum of delay and by the most suitable and quickest means available, to: a) the State of Registry; b) the State of the Operator; c) the State of Design; d) the State of Manufacture; and e) the International Civil Aviation Organization, when the aircraft involved is of a maximum mass of over 2,250 kg or is a turbojet-powered aeroplane. 7
ACCIDENTS OR INCIDENTS IN THE TERRITORY OF PARTICIPATION OF THE STATE OF REGISTRY, THE STATE OF THE OPERATOR, THE STATE OF DESIGN AND THE STATE OF MANUFACTURE Rights 5.18 The State of Registry, the State of the Operator, the State of Design and the State of Manufacture shall each be entitled to appoint an accredited representative to participate in the investigation.
PARTICIPATION OF STATES HAVING SUFFERED FATALITIES OR SERIOUS INJURIES TO ITS CITIZENS Rights and entitlement 5.27 A State which has a special interest in an accident by virtue of fatalities or serious injuries to its citizens shall be entitled to appoint an expert who shall be entitled to: a) visit the scene of the accident; b) have access to the relevant factual information which is approved for public release by the State conducting the investigation, and information on the progress of the investigation; and c) receive a copy of the Final Report. This will not preclude the State from also assisting in the identification of victims and in meetings with survivors from that State.