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Qi Macros 2015 SPC統計流程控制軟體入門

QI Macros 2015 適用領域

不論何種行業(製造 研發 工程 品管 服務業 醫療院所),只要您有以下需求：

1.希望有效改...

Qi Macros 2015 SPC統計流程控制軟體入門

QI Macros 2015 適用領域

不論何種行業(製造 研發 工程 品管 服務業 醫療院所),只要您有以下需求：

1.希望有效改善公司或單位的生產力。

2.希望有效預防製程或生產線上即將發生的缺失。

3.希望提高顧客的滿意度,增加商譽。

4.希望有效減少浪費,增加獲利。

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購買請洽 祺荃企業有限公司-您可以信賴的軟體供應商

http://www.cheerchain.com.tw/ or http://www.appcenter.com.tw/

Email : info@cheerchain.com.tw Phone : +8864-23863559

- Simple Tips for Using Our Most Popular Tools

How To Guide - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 2

Installation

If you’re reading this guide, that means you’ve already taken the first

important step towards simplifying Lean Six Sigma tools like control

charts and statistics. QI Macros for Excel is easy to use and will

provide a wealth of tools to help improve your processes.

If you haven’t already completed your download, let’s get started.

1. Close Excel on your desktop

2. Look for an email with a link to click and download

3. Select either the PC or MAC file

4. Run the Installation Wizard

5. Reopen Excel and look for QI Macros on your tool bar

PC

Mac - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 3

Gage R&R/MSA

%EV 17.6%

%AV 20.0%

%R&R 26.7%

%PV 96.4%

Statistical Tools

92.255

5.688

-0.302

0.386

92.733

8.901

t-Test 0.05

Batch 1

␣

Batch 2

Mean

Variance

t Stat

P(T<=t) one-tail

Cannot Reject Null Hypothesis:

p > 0.05 (Means are the same)

Most Commonly Used Tools

QI Macros for Excel has over 40 charts, 20 statistics and 90

Lean Six Sigma tools that you can use to reduce costs and

boost profits. This quick start guide will show you how to use

our most popular tools.

Control Charts to Analyze Stability:

Control charts are great tools for tracking processes over

time. They can tell you if your process is consistent and

predictable or has unstable conditions that need to be

investigated.

Histograms with Cp and Cpk Capability Metrics:

Use these tools to determine if your process meets your

customer’s requirements as defined by upper and lower

specification limits.

Pareto Charts and Ishikawa/Fishbone Diagrams:

Pareto charts help narrow your focus to the “vital few”

defects, mistakes and errors. Ishikawa diagrams capture the

root causes.

Statistical Tools for Testing Hypotheses:

Do two or more data sets have the same or different means

and variances? Or is there a relationship between them?

Statistical tools can answer these questions.

Gage R&R/MSA:

A common cause of variability in manufacturing is

measurement error. Gage R&R Studies help determine if

measurement processes are a root cause of variation and if

the variation is caused by appraisers or equipment.

Control Chart Histogram Chart

Pareto Chart Ishikawa/Fishbone - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 4

Control Charts Overview

Control charts are a great tool for analyzing and monitoring process stability

and performance. There are different types of control charts depending on

your data. They fall into two categories: attribute and variable.

The most commonly used control charts are:

Services (e.g., healthcare): XmR, p and u charts.

Manufacturing: XbarR, p and u charts.

Not sure which control chart to use?

The QI Macros Control Chart Wizard

will analyze your data and select the

right control chart for you.

Attribute Charts for Counted Data

• c Chart

• np Chart

• p Chart

• u Chart

Variable Charts for Measured Data

• XmR – Individual Moving Range Chart

• XbarR Chart

• XbarS Chart

Watch the

Control Chart Wizard Video - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 5

Creating a Control Chart

Creating control charts for analyzing the stability of

a process couldn’t be easier. Just follow these steps

and you’ll have the charts you need to determine if

your process is consistent and predictable.

Step 1: Point to Select the Datat

QI Macros loads practice data on your computer in:

Documents:QI Macros Test Data:AIAG SPC.xls or select

your own data.

Step 2: Click on the Control Chart Wizard

Go to the QI Macros menu in Excel and select a specific

type of control chart from the drop down menu or select the

Control Chart Wizard.

Step 3: Analyze and Improve Based on Control Chart

The QI Macros will do the math and draw the graph for you.

Red points represent unstable conditions that should be

investigated.

Watch the

Control Chart Video

QI Macros

Control Chart Advantages - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 6

Capability Analysis Overview

Histograms are a great tool for evaluating process capability.

There are a several different types of histograms:

• Frequency Histogram: For consistent measurements (e.g., 0.05, 0.10, etc.)

• Histogram or Capability Suite: For variable measurements.

• Weibull Histogram: For evaluating failure times of products or equipment.

Process Capability Metrics

Cpk –

Centering Index

• Measures how well the

data is centered between

the USL and LSL

• Cpk ≥ 1.33 is desirable

Cp -

Capability Index

• Measures how well the

data fits between the

USL and LSL.

• Cp ≥ 1.33 is desirable

About Capability Analysis

Watch the

Capability Suite Video - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 7

Creating a Histogram

with Cp & Cpk

Creating histograms for capability analysis couldn’t

be easier. Just follow these steps and you’ll have the

charts you need to evaluate if your process is meet-

ing your customer requirements.

Step 1: Point to Select the Data

QI Macros loads practice data on your computer in:

Documents:QI Macros Test Data:histogram.xls or use your own.

Step 2: Click on the Chart You Want

Go to the QI Macros menu in Excel and select Histograms

and Capability. Select one of the histograms or the Capability

Suite. Enter the Upper Specification Limit (USL) and Lower

Specification Limit (LSL).

Step 3: Analyze and Improve Based on the Chart

The QI Macros will do the math and draw the graph for you.

Histograms & Capability

QI Macros 2014

Capability Suite

Histogram with Cp Cpk

Frequency Histogram

Histogram (Weibull)

Watch the

Histogram Video

QI Macros

Histogram Advantages - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 8

Lean Six Sigma Tools Overview

There are over 40 charts and 90 fill-in-the-blank templates for Lean Six Sigma.

Improvement projects fall into two main categories: reducing defects or reducing

deviation (i.e., variation):

Reducing Defects

• XmR, p or u Control Charts

• Pareto Chart

• Ishikawa/Fishbone Diagram

Reducing Deviation

• Capability Suite

• XbarR Control Charts

• Histograms

• Ishikawa/Fishbone Diagram

Control Chart

Histogram Chart

Pareto Chart

Ishikawa/Fishbone - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 9

Step 1: Point to select the data

QI Macros loads practice data on your computer in:

Documents:QI Macros Test Data:Pareto.xls or select your own data

Step 2: Click on the Pareto Chart

Go to the QI Macros menu in Excel and select Pareto Chart from the drop down menu.

Step 3: Analyze and Improve Based on the Pareto Chart

The QI Macros will do the math and draw the chart for you. Each colored bar on the left side

of the chart could be used as the problem statement in the head of the fishbone/Ishikawa

diagram.

Creating a Pareto Chart

Creating Pareto charts to identify the biggest causes of defects, mistakes and

errors is simple. Just follow these steps and you’ll have the charts you need to:

create powerful improvement projects.

Conveyor Failure

Flooding

Generator Failure

Safety

Training

71

20

346

26

34

Category Count

Pareto

Scatter Charts

Chart Templates

QI Macros 2014

Watch the

Pareto Chart Video

QI Macros

Pareto Chart Advantages - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 10

Creating an Ishikawa Diagram

Creating Ishikawa/Fishbone Diagrams for root cause analysis is easy. Just follow these steps

and you’ll have the diagram you need to identify the root causes of defects and deviation.

Step 1: Point to Select the Ishikawa/Fishbone Template

Go to the QI Macros menu in Excel and select Ishikawa/Fishbone diagram from the

Improvement Tools Menu.

Step 2: Fill in the text for the main bones and 5 Whys

Step 3: Click the Create Ishikawa/Fishbone button.

QI Macros 2014 Formulas

Lean Tools

Diagrams

Calculators

Improvement Tools

Ishikawa / Diagram

Cause Effect Matrix

Process Step 1 - Why?

Step 2 - Why?

Why?

Why?

Why?

Why?

Why?

Why?

People Category - Why? Why?

Why?

Why?

Watch the Ishikawa FIsh-

bone Diagram Video

QI Macros Ishikawa FIsh-

bone Diagram Advantages - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 11

Statistical Tools Overview

Hypothesis testing is a great way to evaluate two or more methods of production or materials. There are many differ-

ent types of statistical tools. Most fall into three main categories: 1) comparing means, 2) comparing variances, and 3)

analyzing relationships.

Relationship

• Correlation

• Paired t-Test

• Covariance

• Regression

Variances

• F-Test

• Levene’s Test

Means

• ANOVA

• t-Test

Not sure which statistic to use?

The QI Macros Stat Wizard will

analyze your data and select the

most appropriate statistical tests

for you.

91.50

94.18

92.18

95.39

91.79

89.19

90.95

90.46

93.21

97.19

Batch 1 Batch 2

92.255

5.688

-0.302

0.386

92.733

8.901

t-Test 0.05

Batch 1

␣

Batch 2

Mean

Variance

t Stat

P(T<=t) one-tail

Cannot Reject Null Hypothesis:

p > 0.05 (Means are the same)

QI Macros 2014 Insert Page Layout

Descriptive Statistics - Normality Test

ANOVA Single Factor

F-test: Two-sample for variance

t-Test: two-sample

Stat Wizard

Statistical Tools

Lean Tools

Diagrams

Improvement

DOE Gage

Watch the

Stat Wizard Video - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 12

Performing Statistical

Analysis

Doing hypothesis testing couldn’t be easier.

Just follow these steps and you’ll have the

analysis you need to identify optimal results.

Step 1: Point to Select the Data to Analyze

QI Macros loads practice data on your computer in:

Documents:QI Macros Test Data:anova.xls

Step 2: Click on the Statistical Test:

Go to the QI Macros menu in Excel and select a specific type of statistical

analysis from the drop down menu or select Stat Wizard.

Step 3: Analyze and Improve Based on the Results

The QI Macros will do the math and interpret the results for you. P values

less than 0.05 indicate significant differences in means or variances.

91.50

94.18

92.18

95.39

91.79

89.19

90.95

90.46

93.21

97.19

Batch 1 Batch 2

92.255

5.688

-0.302

0.386

92.733

8.901

t-Test 0.05

Batch 1

␣

Batch 2

Mean

Variance

t Stat

P(T<=t) one-tail

Cannot Reject Null Hypothesis:

p > 0.05 (Means are the same)

QI Macros 2014 Insert Page Layout

Descriptive Statistics - Normality Test

ANOVA Single Factor

F-test: Two-sample for variance

t-Test: two-sample

Stat Wizard

Statistical Tools

Lean Tools

Diagrams

Improvement

DOE Gage

Watch the T test Video

QI Macros

Statistics Tool Advantages - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 13

Gage R&R Study Overview

Gage R&R Studies are a great tool for evaluating if your measurement system is repeat-

able and reproducible. There are several types of Gage R&R Studies:

The QI Macros Gage R&R Template contains a separate

tab for each of these study types.

• Average and Range

• ANOVA

• Type 1 50 trials of a single part

• Attribute Used for Pass/Fail Gages – 3 Appraisers and 3 trials

2-3 Appraisers and 2-5 Trials of 10 parts - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 14

Performing a

Gage R&R Study

Performing a Gage R&R study is easy. Just follow these

steps to determine if your measurement system is okay

or needs improvement.

Step 1: Run a Gage R&R study to gather the data

QI Macros loads Ford’s test data on your computer in:

Documents: QI Macros Test Data: AIAG SPC.xls or use your own data.

Step 2: Point to Select the Gage R&R Template

Go to the QI Macros menu in Excel and select Gage R&R.

Step 3: Fill the data into the yellow cells provided.

If NDC < 5 is then you need to use parts with more variation. If the

NDC > five, then evaluate the %R&R. A %R&R less than 10% is ac-

ceptable.

Appraiser 1

Appraiser 2

3.64 3.94

3.58 3.93

3.62 3.90

3.59 3.92

3.63 3.91

3.63 3.95

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3

%EV 17.6%

%AV 20.0%

%R&R 26.7%

%PV 96.4%

DOE GageR&R FMEA

QI Macros 2014

A3 Report

Design of Experiments

Gage R&R

Watch the Gage R&R Video

QI Macros

Gage R&R Advantages - How To Guidehttp://www.qimacros.com 15

Other Resources

Click on links below to download Quick Reference Cards and User Guide

Control Charts

Capability Analysis

Statistics

Gage R&R

QI Macros User Guide

View All of Our Free Training Resources