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7年以上前 (2009/02/19)にアップロードinテクノロジー

Talk given at http://www.webstock.co.nz, Wellington, New Zealand, 20/2/09

Talk description:

"Sin...

Talk given at http://www.webstock.co.nz, Wellington, New Zealand, 20/2/09

Talk description:

"Since the 60s we’ve imagined the combination of computers and our environment would create both utopias and dystopias. Since the 80’s we’ve seen academics, artists and corporate R&D labs prototype these futures from the top-down. Now, hackers are building sensors, bots and software into everything around them bottom-up, fast, cheap and out-of-control. They’re creating environments that react, adapt and respond to us - and perhaps more importantly - each other: The Demon-Haunted World. Matt’s session will be a whistlestop tour of those days of future past and pointers to some practical futures we can start building right now, together."

http://www.webstock.org.nz/09/programme/presentations.php#jones

- The Demon-Haunted World

or the past and future of practical city magic

Matt Jones / Webstock

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41° 17′ 21.48″ S, 174° 46′ 38.28″ E

February 2009

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Where next?

Where next?

Where next? - Hello!

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Hello - my name is Matt Jones, and I’m a designer who’s been working on a start-up for two

years called Dopplr, and I’m an advisor to a small product design company called Schulze &

Webb, who made this tiny version of me that jumps up and down depending on my IM

status...

Where next?

Before that I worked for Nokia doing design research into RFID amongst other things and in

the previous millennium I trained to be an architect...

Where next?

Tash and Mike very graciously said I didn’t have to talk about Dopplr... and as a result I have

to give you a warning or three... - <BLINK>

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1) I may have lost my mind. I think this is the weirdest thing I’ve ever done in public...

2) I’m going to go pretty fast...

3) this presentation contains the <blink> tag - I’ll warn you if you’re sensitive to such things.

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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I want to talk about cities, and “practical city magic”

City Magic is a phrase I use a lot - I have a whole bunch of things tagged with ‘City Magic’ on

delicious.

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It comes from a comic book I love called “The Invisibles” by Grant Morrison...

Where next? - DOPPLR

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quot;Cities have their own way of talking to you; catch sight of the reﬂection of a neon sign and

it'll spell out a magic word that summons strange dreams.

Have you ever seen the word 'IXAT' glowing in the night? That's one of the holy names.quot;

Where next?

- Tom O'Bedlam, The Invisibles by Grant Morrison

Where next? - DOPPLR

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The reason I want to talk about this is informed by these two mega-trends: the rising

urbanisation of the planet, and the rapid digitalisation of that urban fabric. The picture is from

a talk I did at LIFT06 in Geneva, taken by Timo Arnall.

You could probably reconstruct most of the stuff Iʼve ever done or thought-about based upon

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this one image.

Where next? - Cities are Nature

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DOPPLR World Urbanisation Prospects, The 1999 Revision.

Source: United Nations,

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It is expected that 60 percent of the world population will be urban by 2030, and that most urban growth will

occur in less developed countries.

We’ve also just gone through the most vigourous period of city building the world has ever seen.

What eect will this have on games, play and the imaginations of children growing up when we’re a

predominantly city-based species?

Where next?

Where next? - Reclaiming futures

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In the next 45 minutes or so we’re going to look at three things, broadly.

FIRSTLY, reclaiming some optimistic visions of the future we might have lost sight of i.e.

Where’s my Jet Pack? HERE’S YOUR JET PACK.

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR future

Making the

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SECONDLY, ways in which hackers and designers are making re-conﬁgured versions of some

of those futures-past.

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Where next? - “Something wonderful.”

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and lastly, some wild proclamations about the magical future we’re weaving...

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Where next? - DOPPLR

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And that’s kind of the “dark matter” at the centre of both things: software.

If you’re sitting comfortably, then I’ll begin...

Where next?

Where next? - Reclaiming futures

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In order to ﬁgure some of this out, let’s go back to the future.

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Where next? - Further back!

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We’re going to have to go quite far back... to the 60s...

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Where next? - DOPPLR

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I’ve been reading a lot about the post-war and cold-war period lately...

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Where next? - DOPPLR

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And, I’m a child of the 70’s. I grew up with books full of images like this. This is a Bernal

Sphere: a hypothetical design for a space colony generated by a group from NASA and

Stanford University in 1975-1976

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

NASA SP-413: Space Settlements - A Design Study

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And this is what it looks like from outside...

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And I grew up pouring over books like this one.

I’m incredibly grateful to Tom Coates for sharing his scans of his copy of the book (perhaps

the fact we both had the same book growing up will become apparent once you’ve seen both

our talks...)

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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It’s full of great predictions like this - 2 trips to the 21st century: “polluted city of a dying

world” and “garden city on a cared-for planet”...

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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And, I grew up (sort of) went to uni and trained to be an architect. The web came along and I

kind of got distracted, but a lot of the work I’ve been doing in the last few years has drawn

me back to that world - of place and cities and urban design, especially where it overlaps

with technology.

Where next?

This is Richard Rogers, one of the most well-known architects in the world, and a prominent

member of the British Establishment. He’s even a LORD!

Where next? - DOPPLR

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A few years ago, he wrote a book at “Cities for a small planet”, and a companion book later

called “Cities for a small country” - both centred around Cities as the most promising

technical, political and cultural solution to living on a planet with constrained resources.

Where next?

Where next? - “Our cities are

now linked,

and learning...”

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Late last year, I went to a talk by Lord Rogers, where he said something quite evocative. That

our cities are increasingly linked, and learning.

As a sound-bite - this was more eective a time-machine than the DeLorean.

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Where next? - DOPPLR

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Because, back in the 60’s when he wasn’t a Lord - Richard Rogers was a radical architect

reconﬁguring the city with buildings like the Pompidou Centre in Paris, based on radical

theories of cybernetics, space, social-networks, robotics and space stations...

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Where next? - DOPPLR

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The radical theories of a group called Archigram...

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Archigram were a group of young architects who decided to make

magazines full of their ideas, drawings and manifestos from 1961-1974,

You might be familiar with their walking city project...

Where next?

Where next? - http://bldgblog.blogspot.com/

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Their inﬂuence was far greater than the number of buildings they actually got built (the golf

course on the aircraft carrier isn’t by them, I found it on the awesome bldgblog.com but you

can see their inﬂuence...)

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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They weren’t just architects.

They were really interaction designers.

They were really software designers.

Where next?

Where next? - CyberSyn / http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cybersyn

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And it was a time when cybernetics and software was seen as being able to decide big things

- like how to run a country. It was also a time when technology needed a room, and that

meant it could be architecturally groovy!

This is Cybersyn, designed by British Cyberneticist Staord Beer at the request of Salvador

Where next?

Allende to help run Chile. That’s really UbiComp, baby! Look at those chairs!

Where next? - DOPPLR

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Archigram thought of behaviour as the raw material they were building with

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Where next? - DOPPLR

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And systems and services as the things that would enable behaviour, rather than buildings...

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Where next? - DOPPLR

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Personal technologies instead of buildings... (can you see a theme building??)

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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They even used the term “Social Software” back in 1972! That blew me away when I found

that out this week researching my talk.

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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Essentially they were user-centred designers, working with technology to create humane

exciting environments with technology... with a liberal dash of 60’s psychedelia...

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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They saw that software was going to change our environment in profound ways. The ghost

was in the machine, and the machine was the city.

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

Are we there yet?

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But before you write them o as techno-optimist loons, they didn’t see technology and

systems as a panacea.

I really like this quote: “We shall really get somewhere when it has all cooled o a little, ad

hard and soft become relative to each other rather than opposition”

Where next?

Are we there yet?

Where next? - DOPPLR

Chris Heathcote /

http://antimega.textdriven.com/antimega/

2009/01/20/cheer-up-its-archigram

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My friend Chris Heathcote thinks so - I used to work with Chris at Nokia and he’s a fantastic

source of critical thinking about technology, place and the city.

He recently wrote a great blog post about how our urban technology has ﬁnally caught up

with Archigram’s thinking...

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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But, as right as they may have been in the broad strokes, predicting the future is notoriously

dificult, even if you are on extremely good drugs.

For instance, looking at a lot of Archigram’s schemes, it’s plain to see what they think is the

ultimate technology of personal freedom.

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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Whereas, today it ﬁts in your pocket, not your garage.

Where next?

Where next? - BOW!

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The car changed the development of the city irreversibly in the 20th century. I’d claim that

mobiles will do the same in the 21st.

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLRthe future

Making

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And it’s from that point of view I’d like to take you through a few urban futures that people

are constructing right now, with some links back to Archigram and their contemporaries.

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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Back to that book from Tom’s attic. It seems hackers are trying their best, bottom-up to build

this!

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR INFO

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This is another favourite book of mine at the moment, On Guerilla Gardening... It’s about

reclaiming space in the city through gardening it without permission.

It seems to me like there are a bunch of hackers reclaiming information from the city and

gardening it without permission...

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

Botanicalls.com

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There’s also a bottom-up maker movement, hacking hardware and covering the planet in

sensors.

You might have heard some of this in Matt Biddulph’s talk, and you’ll certainly hear a lot

more of it in Tom’s talk I think.

Where next?

This is the Botanicall’s kit I made over Christmas (ﬁrst time I’d soldered anything in about 20

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years, enormous fun!) it connects a pot-plant of ours to the internet and when it’s moisture

sensors detect it needs something... - DOPPLR

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It twitters!

You’ll also notice that ours is called “Robert Plant”...

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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But there are some geeks wiring up bigger things...

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Where next? - DOPPLR

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Before I talk about bridges that Twitter, I want to go back to the 60s again brieﬂy.

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Where next? - “...the study of the precise

laws and speciﬁc effects of

the geographical

environment, consciously

organised or not, on the

emotions and behaviour of

individuals.”

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This is Guy DeBord. French philosopher and head troublemaker of the Situationist Internationale, who apart from

doing all of that good 60’s Parisian stu of getting the girls, drinking the wine, smoking the galloise and getting

bashed by riot police, also coined the term “Psychogeography”

he deﬁned it as:

“...the study of the precise laws and speciﬁc effects of the geographical environment, consciously organised or not, on the

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emotions and behaviour of individuals.”

Where next? - “...a whole toy box full of playful, inventive strategies

for exploring cities...just about anything that takes

pedestrians off their predictable paths and jolts

them into a new awareness of the urban landscape”

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But this alternate deﬁnition cited on wikipedia ﬁts almost exactly, for me...

Where next?

Where next? - “...a whole toy box full of

playful, inventive strategies for

exploring cities...”

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as a description of what we carry around in our pockets - our use and experience of the city

is being profoundly changed by these things.

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Where next? - DOPPLR

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They are psychogeographic, magic wands.

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Where next? - DOPPLR

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...back to Tower Bridge.

Where next?

Where next? - Tom Armitage /

http://www.infovore.org

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Where next?

My friend Tom Armitage did some guerilla info gardening and scraped the data feed of when

Tower Bridge opens and closes - and created a twitter account that spits that out...

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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You’ll notice that Tom’s also doing a bit of city-scale ventriloquism with @TowerBridge,

and... that all of it’s friends are Statues, NASA Probes or Radio Telescopes that twitter...

I’m kind of ﬁnding the best people on twitter aren’t people...

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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I was walking around on sunny Saturday morning last December, and was about 10 minutes

away from Tower Bridge when I got an update from it about the opening...

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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That little bit of information turned my morning into something wonderful.

Where next?

Where next? - Making the

invisible,visible

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One extension of this, is increasingly we are able to see previously invisible behaviours from

ʻthe real worldʼ and apply social tools to them. “Anything essential is invisible to the eye”. This

is “Nuage Vert” - a project in Helsinki (where half of Dopplr are based) wear a laser picks out

the pollution coming from a power station. Eerie, beautiful and perhaps, useful to the city...

Where next?

Where next? - “The way the street feels may

soon be deﬁned by what cannot

be seen with the naked eye.”

Dan Hill, Street as Platform / http://cityofsound.com

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Where next?

Two people doing more thinking about this than most, and if your interested in the area, I’d

recommend you go read their stu asap are Dan Hill, who wrote an epic blog post last year

called “The Street as Platform”...

Where next?

Where next? - “The bottom line is a city that

responds to the behaviour of its

users in something close to real

time, and in turn begins to shape

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that behaviour.”

Adam Greenﬁeld: The City Is Here For You To Use

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http://speedbird.wordpress.com/

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And Adam Greenﬁeld - who wrote an excellent book called “Everyware” about designing in

times where everything and everywhere has software embedded in it... and is about to release

a book called “The city is here for you to use” from which comes this quote.

Again, we’re not so far away from what Archigram were examining. Behaviour and

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Information as the raw material to design cities with as much as steel, glass and concrete.

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There are lots of people working on making the invisible visible in our cities. This is The

Watermark project in the UK - projecting projected sea-levels on the sides of city blocks to

bring home the impact of climate change...

Where next?

Where next? - Sky Ear by Usman Haque

http://www.haque.co.uk / www.pachube.com

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Where next?

This is Sky-Ear by Usman Haque - an airborne network of sensors that turn ambient sound

into light. You can see the inﬂuence of Archigram here for sure...

Where next?

Where next? - Practical Psychogeography

Christian Nold, http://www.biomapping.net

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Where next?

Christian Nold’s Biomapping.org overlays readings from a ‘stress-sensor’ worn by someone

wandering the city.

Where next?

Where next? - “...the study of the precise

laws and speciﬁc effects of

the geographical

environment, consciously

organised or not, on the

emotions and behaviour of

individuals.”

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Where next?

Again, the sensors we are all carrying around the city are creating everyday psychogeography

a reality.

More on this in Tom’s talk I’m sure...

Where next?

Where next? - New Maps

http://www.openstreetmap.org

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With these new senses we can make new sense of what’s around us. New maps.

This is the work of openstreetmap.org who gave a small group of people GPS units for a

small amount of time and created this wonderful image of the viscera of London’s ﬂows and

connections.

Where next?

Where next? - Neurones

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You can’t not look at something like that, and see biological, cybernetic parallels...

Where next?

Where next? - “Our cities are

now linked,

and learning...”

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YES LORD RICHARD THEY ARE!!! W00T!!!

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Where next? - DOPPLR

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Where next?

We’re heard from Adrian about Everyblock.

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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Where next?

And similar projects in the UK like ﬁxmystreet.com

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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and streetwire.org are surfacing hyper-local information...

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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Where next?

Again, visualisations help us picture the local information ﬁelds around the city such as this

beautiful piece by Shawn Allen of Stamen showing San Francisco as a mesh of trees, crimes

and cabs.

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLRand the Long Here

The Big Now

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Where next?

Our future city senses might be more like those of rhinos. Their amazing sense of smell

means that their ‘pub conversations’ can last many months over many square miles...

Adam Greenﬁeld has talked about the Big Now and the Long Here, in a reconﬁguration of

Brian Eno’s “the Big here and the long now” - the long here being the ‘rhinoesque’ build-up

Where next?

of media in place... where media = rhino poop.

Where next? - “Tribal Search Engine” by Hiromi Ozaki

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http://beta.interaction.rca.ac.uk/ft/

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Where next?

“The Big Now” in Adam’s concept refers to our social senses being extended over space.

This is a project by a student at the RCA for a project I was running there, Hiromi Ozaki -

where she was inspired by ﬂocking and swarming behaviours - using swarming algorithms to

determine which pub to go to...

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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On another scale, that of neighbourhoods... Hacking together software tools to deal with

speciﬁc place - more guerilla info gardening, like Paul Hammond’s “minimuni” tool he wrote

for his iphone to work out when the next bus is coming.

As he says - he oers no warranty outside of the 6 mins radius from his house.

Where next?

Where next? - Clay Shirky:

Situated Software /

http://www.shirky.com/writings/

situated_software.html

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Where next?

Clay Shirky calls this pattern “Situated Software” - a tool that is locked to it’s context.

Where next?

Where next? - “Always design a

thing by

considering it in

its next larger

context

...a chair in a

room, a room in

a house,

a house in an

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environment in a

DOPPLR city plan.”

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Where next?

Another architect, from Finland in the beginning of the 20th C, Eliel Saarinen gives us some

food for thought about this...

Imagine a lot of these small pieces of situated software loosely joined... and you’ve got a

bottom-up, open-source city full of software...

Where next?

Where next? - “Our cities are

now linked,

and learning...”

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YEAH!!!!next?

Where

Where next?

Where next? - “Something wonderful.”

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Where next?

Finally, I want to get a little weirder and darker...

Where next?

Where next? - “From the beginning of his

literary career, Machen

espoused a mystical

belief that the humdrum

ordinary world hid a more

mysterious and strange

world beyond. His gothic

and decadent works of

the 1890s concluded that

the lifting of this veil could

lead to madness, sex, or

DOPPLR death, and usually a

combination of all three.”

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Where next?

This is another Welshman, Arthur Machen, who investigated the common human belief that

there are invisible forces at play behind the ‘ordinary world’

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR Arphids!

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Where next?

By which of course he meant RFID! The mark of the devil!!! (not really...)

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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Where next?

Work by Timo Arnall, Einar Sneve, Matt Webb and Jack Schulze.

Where next?

Where next? - Robot Readable Planet

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Where next?

Instead of making robots smarter, more accommodating of our world and our senses - what

if by covering the world with data, RFIDs etc - we’re creating a robot-readable planet, that’s

opaque to our naked un-augmented eye?

Where next?

Where next? - “Has Needs” by James Chambers

http://beta.interaction.rca.ac.uk/ft/

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Where next?

This is another project by a student I was working with at the RCA, James Chambers - it’s a

sensor like Botanicalls, but crucially this one doesn’t send it’s messages to you - but to

everyone else you know, making you cave into social pressure... If you carry on your wanton

ways, then it’ll post itself to craig’s list or freecycle and ask to be rescued!

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

Daemons

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And, it’s this thought... about the conversations that will be happening between bridges and

plants and cars and everything else non-human that both delights me and gives me the

willies, like most magic...

The demon-haunted world is something we’ve believed in for most of our time on Earth. It’s

Where next?

interesting to me that we’re perhaps building it.

Where next? - DOPPLR

I, for one welcome our new Xbee overlords

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Where next?

This is an Xbee shield - that I think Matt Biddulph discussed in his talk.

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

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Where next?

Xbee is an open-source version of Zigbee - a protocol that connects things together in a

mesh at very low power... so that everything can talk to everything else. Zigbee devices are

continually waking up and looking for something to talk to... they look for the next thing up

the chain... a master or controller... and that then wakes up and looks for the same... like

Demons do...

Where next?

Where next? - Eloi vs

DOPPLR

Morlocks

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Where next?

Neal Stephenson, in his essay on technological literacy “In the beginning was the command

line” describes passive unaware consumers of technology as Eloi and those in control of

keeping them that way as Morlocks...

Will we become literate in this demon-haunted world of urban computing, or will we be

Where next?

unaware Eloi at the mercy of the Morlocks?

Where next? - DOPPLR

Dark materials...

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Where next?

Will our demons be extension of ourselves, or extensions of the forces of control? Will they

be open and transparent, or dark magical things we barely understand?

Where next?

Where next? - DOPPLR

Natalie Jeremijenko’s Feral Robot Dogs

http://www.nyu.edu/projects/xdesign/feralrobots/

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Where next?

I’m optimistic, like Archigram.

I think the bottom-up, loosely-joined situated software that’s being built will prove faster,

nimbler and more useful than anything top-down or monolithic.

Where next?

A ﬁnal example in this vein: natalie jeremijenko’s feral robotic dogs...

Where next? - DOPPLR

Natalie Jeremijenko’s Feral Robot Dogs

http://www.nyu.edu/projects/xdesign/feralrobots/

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Where next?

they’re cheap robot toy dogs hacked and ﬁtted with sensors to detect pollution and

environmental hazards in the city...

Where next?

Where next? - Natalie Jeremijenko’s Feral Robot Dogs

http://www.nyu.edu/projects/xdesign/feralrobots/

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Where next?

Natalie goes into communities and takes people through the process of turning cheap toys

into powerful visualisers of pollutants in their environments... making the invisible visible...

Where next?

Where next? - “Mana is the concept of an impersonal force or

quality that resides in people, animals, and

inanimate objects.”

DOPPLR quot;...the stuff of which

magic is formedquot;

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Where next?

We’re building our future - it’s up to us if it’s as open, transparent, fantastic and sustainable

as Archigram, Richard Rogers and Natalie Jeremijenko have imagined it to be.

Go out and play with the city, and the stu of which magic is formed... Software...

Where next?

Where next? - “Something wonderful.”

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Where next?

Go make something wonderful happen.

Where next?

Where next? - Thanks Webstock...

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Where next?

Where next?

Where next?