翻譯Translation vs. 唱歌Singin g 字彙 (用字) vocab 音域 (音色) range 文化知識 音樂知識 文法 grammar 音準 pitch 文體 text genre 風格 style 練習 經驗 練習 經驗 合譯 合唱 機器翻譯 電腦合成
Sound symbolism Chanel L’Oreal Revlon Avon Black & Decker Ridgid
Association network Stimuli We do it unconsciously Kids: no synonyms It’s cold in here.
Paint a picture Twitter M&M The best friend thirst ever had
Push buttons a belt-and-suspenders guy A Diamond is Forever (De Beers) Nobody better lay a finger on my Butterfinger Leggo my Eggo Because I’m worth it (L’Oreal) No more tears (Johnson&Johnson) If there’s a corner, we’re around it Good to the last drop (Maxwell) North Face/Patagonia/London Fog
Think Small (VW) Think Different The taste you hate twice a day (Listerine) We are turning the financial world right side up Everything you always wanted in a beer…and le ss Back to the future
Inference Move your ass! He has three Picassos. Finger lickin’ good Staples
Metaphor Summer is coming An eye for an eye makes the world blind A squirrel is just a rat with a cuter outfit Let your fingers do the walking Fresh squeezed glaciers Life is a journey, enjoy the ride. Reach out and touch someone.
Puns Labour isn’t working. Suite Life of Zach & Cody
I saw her duck Visiting relative can be boring. Home crushed by tree with dog inside. Grandmother of eight makes a hole in one McDonald’s fries the holy grail for potato farmers At prices like these, our appliances won’t last Panties and bras, half off If I said you had a beautiful body would you hold i t against me?
I shot an elephant in my pajamas. How he got in my pajamas, I’ll never know. Outside of a dog, a book is a man’s best friend. I nside of a dog, it’s too dark to read. The perks of coffee We bring good things to life (LG) For the rest of your life (Sleep’s) Black guy asks nation for change
sound Music to the ears Easy to read Fluid Rhythm syllables
Laziness got the best of us Kodak/I’m lovin’ it Wasps’ Nests Vowels: driving on a wide four-lane road Consonants: driving downtown—sudden stops, changing lanes, turns
Syllables CVCV: Kodak, Target, Wal-Mart, Costco, Best Buy Wasps’ Nests (CVCCC CVCCC) Breathing Winston tastes good like a cigarette should / x x / x x / x x
Jack and Jill went up the hill To fetch a pail of water Jack fell down and broke his crown And Jill came tumbling after iambs 抑揚格 dee DUM trochees 揚抑格 DUM dee
Rhyme Oh Thank heaven for 7-eleven The incredible edible egg Bounty, it’s the quicker picker-upper Fly the friendly skies Intel Inside Inspired by Intel Rap: a book of rhyme popcorn machine style
Consonance Dunkin Donuts Coca-Cola Google King Kong Pride and Prejudice Sense and Sensibility
Parallel structure When it rains, it pours Expect more, pay less From Wall St. to Main St. Fly like a CEO, pay like a temp Have a break, have a Kit-Kat Me fellow citizens: I stand here today… Humbled by the task before us, Grateful for the trust your have bestowed, Mindful of the sacrifices borne by our ancestors
Clichés Just do it. The worst part about the gravy trains is the abru pt stops. Revenge is a dish best served a la mode. Objects were closer than they appeared. Something special in the air.
The choice in the rain There is a shower at times and the ground is covered with sprinkling I keep searching and searching all the sight of your back which likes yo urs the most under the umbrellas. Such a game seemed all of empty and meaningless to me at all. There is a shower at times and the ground is covered with sprinkling
When stop raining, I may see you again. Or the rain should not stop in the end.
My eyes get dim and all the rain becomes hazy. I could not tell the drop on my face from the rain or the tears. I keep standing on the street. Even I was determined. But I still wonder if the rain can turn your heart back.
The last movies I stopped asking when you were in silence and your smile went out of past. I have been cold to you since I was away from your sight evermore.
I believe that you already realize the appointment in tonight This is the last time we go to the movies; In the beginning, we don’t understand each other and met Finally, we understand each other and separated.
In a swarm of people, we do not have to say anything because we could not hear anything anymore. We are drowned by voice and being drowned in the noise. It was a break-up without sadness in our last movie.
Who is weeping far away ther Who is weeping far away e? there? How could it sound so sorrow How could it sound so ? sorrow? Get on the golden horse to se Get on the white horse to see e what that is. what that is. That is the past. That is the love.
Who is weeping far away ther Who is weeping far away e? there? How could it sound so sorrow How could it sound so ? sorrow? Get on the gray horse to see Get on the horse to see what what that is. that is. That is the future. That is the death.