University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Mercine , Bucharest Faculty of Management, Economical Engineering and Rural Development Sighetu Marmatiei Coordinating teacher: Students: Radu Georgiana Mihai Daniel Frumuselu Savu Marina-Aurelia Group: 8204 Bucuresti 2016
Introduction Sighetu Marmației is a city in Maramures Country near the Iza River, in north- western Romania.
Geography Sighetu Marmației is situated along the Tisa river on the border with Ukraine, across from the Ukrainian town of Solotvyno. Neighboring communities include: Sarasău, Săpânța, Câmpulung la Tisa, Ocna Șugatag, Giulești, Vadu Izei, Rona de Jos and Bocicoiu Mare communities in Romania, Bila Cerkva community and the Solotvyno township in Ukraine (Zakarpatia Oblast). The city administers five villages: Iapa (Kabolapatak), Lazu Baciului (Bácsiláz), Șugău (Sugó), Valea Cufundoasă (Mélypatak) and Valea Hotarului (Határvölgy). The city's name derives from the traco-dacian word "zeget" which means castle or Hungarian name which means "island in Máramaros".
Demographics The city has 37,640 inhabitants. Romanians - 82.2% Hungarians - 13% Ukrainians - 2.3% Roma - 1.5% According to the 1910 census, the city had 21,370 inhabitants; these consisted of 17,542 (82.1%) Hungarian speakers, 2,002 (9.4%) Romanian, 1,257 (5.9%) German, and 32 Ruthenian speakers. The number of Jews was 7,981; they were included in the Hungarian and German language groups. There were 5,850 Greek Catholics and 4,901 Roman Catholics.
History Inhabited since the Hallstatt period, the populated area lies in the Tisza Valley, an important route as being the only access to the otherwise mountainous, sparsely populated region. After 895 in the 10th century the area became part of Kingdom of Hungary. The first mention of a settlement dates back to the 11th century, and the city as such was first mentioned in 1326. In 1352, it was a free royal town and the capital of Máramaros comitatus, just outside Transylvania.
Sighet prison After the establishment of the Romanian communist regime, the Security ran the Sighet prison during the 1950s and 1960s as a place for the detention and political repression of public figures who had been declared "class enemies." The most prominent of these was the former prime minister Iuliu Maniu, who died in the prison in 1953. The former prison is operated as a museum, part of the Memorial for the Victims of Communism.
Twin towns Sighetu Marma ie ț i is twinned with: • Otawa, Poland • Kolomyia, Ukraine • Naples, Italy • Kiryat Yam, Israel