Academia is not the only Choice for Y our Career After Graduate School - Non-research Career Path for Ph.D - Marine Chiba Hayama Campus, SOKENDAI
Fates of Doctors After Ph.D Coursework Types of jobs getting after graduate school in the U.S % 60 51.4 50 42.6 40 34.3 30 アメ Uリ .Sカ 日J本 apan 17.2 20 16.9 9.59.5 10 3.1 5.3 4.9 1.6 3.4 0.2 0 0
Fates of Doctors After Ph.D Coursework 大学 Pr 教 of 員 es を so希 rs 望 Non-Academic/Non-Research job 5% 43% 52% 科学技術関係の研究職以外の職業 a. 希望する b. 機会があれば検討する a. 希望する b. 機会があれば検討する c. 希望しない
Fates of Doctors After Ph.D Coursework Non-Academic Career Path: career-path(jobs) other than research jobs in the universities or research institutes to which ones with Ph.D degrees will choose and can apply skills, knowledge and experiences from the graduate training and post-docs periods. - Sometimes devalued jobs compared ordinary academic ones. - However; eventually these lead the developments of science. - As the numbers of academic post↓, the demands for the non-academic post↑ -However, doing the research in universities may insist only for ten years A nonlaboratory career-path(jobs) had to involve science and build it too!
Fates of Doctors After Ph.D Coursework Non-Academic Career Path: -Types of Non-Academic Career Path? -Motivations for Non-Academic Career Path? -Processes of Non-Academic Career Path? （Networks of Non-Academic Career Path） -Take Home Messages
Types of Non-Academic Career Paths 1. Private Sectors: Pharmaceutical, Food, Chemical, Electrics -. Researchers(R&D, QT, Basic Researches) -. Public Relations -. Technical Supports -. Sales -. Countsalting -. Intellectual Properties -. Journalists/Science Writer 2. Governments and Non-Profit Organizations - Think tank(Surveys, Policy aiding) - Countsalting - Policies - Stakesholders - Senators - City Council
Types of Non-Academic Career Paths 3. Education - Public School Teacher - Instructor - Science Communicator - Science Instructor - Curators/Guides at museum 4. NPO/ Social Entrepreneurships - Science as it is - Human Resources (skills or know-how) - Proposals for the government, universities, councils - any jobs for society (creating jobs through knowledge)
Types of Non-Academic Career Paths Wide varieties of Non-Academic Career are available. ☞How ones choose as non-academic careers? ☞Connections between science and society? - Motivations for Non-Academic Career? - Processes of deciding to Non-Academic Career ?
Motivations of Non-Academic Career Path Financial Issues: “I lost even more of my motivation when I opened the Journal of Bacteriology and looked at the post-doc positions listed in the back. The salaries were between $8,000 and $11,000 per year, barely living wages.“ - Ph.D in medical microbiology → Sales manager “As federal funding for research gradual y began to disappear, I realized I would have to change from a research focus to more of administrative ones if I were to stay at the science” -Ph.D in Biochemistry → Medical/Scientific Consulting Emotional Issues: “Near the end of my post-doc, I decided that I should expand my career options by getting experience in science policy. This decision was motivated by my apprehension about increasing competition in the academic job market and my own interests in policy and the role of science in society ” Chemical engineering →Science policy makers
Processes of Non-Academic Career Human Networking Official Based Networking: relatives, professors, labs members, mentors, universities, career counselor, science communities, Job-posting Unofficial Based Networking: friends, families, ex-coworkers, alumini(senpai-kouhai Relationships), Social Networking Services (facebook, twitter, or mixi) “Another person who helped me a lot was X, who was married to the daughter of my graduate school professors. I was introduced to a number of key people in each of the chosen areas of interest. “ -Ph.D in immunology → Venture Capitalists -“Most search professionals are personable and polite on the phone. My next step was to meet with someone who was successful in the industry so that I could learn about (how to get such type jobs) ” Official Based Networking<< Unofficial Based Networking
Networking for Non-Academic Career Path Science Society (Universities or Public R&D) (non-scientific community)
Networking for Non-Academic Career Path Connecting Science and Society: Socio-Science Mediators Science Society (Universities or Public R&D) (non-scientific community)
-Summary- Non-Academic Career Path - Types of Non-Academic Career Path - Processes of Non-Academic Career Path - Motivations of Non-Academic Career Path - Networks of Non-Academic Career Path My Take Home Messages 1. What are your strong points in terms of social skil s? 2. Anything but for research jobs, what kinds of occupations would you prefer to have? 3. What is your primary thing to be considered in your life? Research still? Family? Money? Travel?