IASLOD 2012 -International Asian Summer School on Linked Data Current Trends 1o 3-17 f A J ug. a 2 p 012, K a AI n ST, De aej s eo e n, K orea LOD -through LOD Challenge Japan Kouji Kozaki The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research (I.S.I.R), Osaka University, Japan 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 1
Agenda Main topic Linked Open Data Challenge 2011 Japan Current Trends of Activities on Linked Open Data Outline Research Activities on Semantic Web Technology in Japa n A Summary of LOD Challenge 2011 Japan Motivation Awards Winners Discussions – Trends of submitted works (The latest news on LOD in Japan) Demo 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 2
Research Activities on Semant ic Web Technology in Japan
Semantic Web Committee 2001-
It aims to survey trends on Semantic Web Technologies and promot e broad uses of them.
It organizes annual (Japanese) Semantic Web Conferences which show the latest trends of SW technologies every year.
In 2011 and 2012, the theme of the conference focused on LO D.
Its members are mainly industrial people.
Special Interested Group on Semantic Web and Ontolo gy (SIG-SWO) in JSAI (the Japanese Society for Artificial In telligence) 2002-
It organizes domestic workshops 2 or 3 a year. (Total:27)
Backgrounds and Motivations for Linked Data Challenge Jap an 2006- Linked (Open) Data Activity were started and becoming very active in Western co untries. e.g. DBPedia was presented at ISWC2007 and WWW2007 2009-2010 Trend repot about Linked Data Activity in overseas as by Semantic Web Commit tee (of Japan). The committee members were aware of the need to catch up the activ ity in Japan. 2011 Mar. The first announcement about Linked Open Data Challenge Japan 2011 and re cruitment of Executive Committee members in (Japanese) Semantic Web Co nference 2011. 2011 June The first Executive Committee Meeting. 2011 Oct. The submission site was opened! 2012 Mar. The awards ceremony for Linked Open Data Challenge Japan 2011. 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 9
Goal and Methods
To promote Linked Open Data, that is, publishing open data an d linking them across domains.
As the multiplier effect of them, to create new valuable technolo gies and services.
Methods – Sub goals
Organizing a contest as an opportunity in which people who work on LOD can present their activities and results.
Designing of schema (Rules) for the LOD Challenge.
To provide technical information about LOD.
Making and publishing materials about basic techniques of LOD.
Cultivating new communities of people from a variety of different fi elds to work on.
Organizing events/seminars named LOD Challenge Day. Linking Data, Linking People 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 10
Problems No project We had to recruit committee members. All members are volunteers. No Founding We had to find sponsors. No Data We had no published open data participant can use. Cf. Open Data Challenge in EU, Challenge.gov in US. No (explicit) community We were very concerned about how many submissions we c ould have. What we have… High ambition that we have to do it NOW! 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 11
Executive Committee of LOD Challenge Japan 2011 The chair Distribution of members T. Hagino / 萩野達也 (慶応義塾大学) The vice-chair S. Nagano / 長野伸一 (（株）東芝) Director of the Executive Office N. Otomori / 乙守信行 (（株）MetaMoJi) Committee Members 9 飯塚京士 (日本電信電話（株）) 生島高裕 (（株）数理先端技術研究所) Academi 大沼宏行 (沖電気工業（株）) 荻島創一 (東京医科歯科大学) c F. Kato / 加藤文彦 (国立情報学研究所) 26 亀廼井千鶴子 (（株）富士通総研) 粂照宣 (（株）富士通研究所) K. Kozaki / 古崎晃司 (大阪大学) 小林巌生 (（有）スコレックス) 齊藤孝広 (（株）富士通研究所) 斎藤博昭 (慶応義塾大学) 佐藤宏之 (NTTレゾナント（株）) 澤村正樹 (NTTレゾナント（株）) 渋谷健 (（株）ゼンリン) 清水昇（株式会社サイバーエッヂ/慶應義塾大学SFC研究所) 鈴木孝幸 (神奈川工科大学) 其田譲治 (（株）博報堂プロダクツ) 高橋陽一(インディゴ株式会社) 高梨益樹 (富士通（株）) 田崎裕二 (富士通（株）) 年岡晃一 (中部大学) 豊田哲郎 (（独）理化学研究所) 中野圭 (（株）数理先端技術研究所) 細見格 (日本電気（株）) 本多裕美 光石豊 (（株）富士通研究所) 森田大翼 (日本電信電話（株）) 湯本正典 (東京大学) 和田康宏 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 12
Sponsors/Partners/Supporter s Supporters - Information Processing Society of Japan - The Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence - Semantic Web Committee - The Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association - Linked Data Study Group (Linkeddata.jp) Data Providing Partners Media Partner 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 13
Data sets for LOD challenge Data sets from Data Providing Partners CiNii (Scholarly and Academic Information Navigator, pronounced like "sigh-knee") is the largest database for Japanese academic information of articles, Books & Journals. http://ci.nii.ac.jp/en (by NII) KAKEN is the database of Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS). (by NII) http://kaken.nii.ac.jp/ Riken is the largest research institute in Japan. They provide biological information on BioLOD (Biological Linked Open Databases). http://biolod.org/ We encouraged data sets submitted by others 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 15
Linking three tracks Dataset track Idea track Application track We encouraged linking between submissions. Developing application using submitted datasets. Developing dataset and application based on submitt ed idea. 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 16
LOD Challenge Day We organized 4 events (3 in Tokyo, 1 in Osaka) Ｈａｌｆ day events. Participants : 130 in the total (25-40 / event) Contents Introducing talks on LOD. Short tutorials about basic technologies on LOD. Hans-on sessions to make LOD. World cafe (group discussion on how to use LOD) Tokyo Osaka 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 17
Solutions No project 34 volunteer members We had to recruit committee members. All members are volunteers. No Founding 7 sponsors We had to find sponsors. No Data 3 data providing partners We had no published open data participant can use. & submitted datasets. Cf. Open Data Challenge in EU, Challenge.gov in US. No (explicit) community We were very concerned about how many submissions we c ould have. What we have… High ambition that we have to do NOW! 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 18
Numbers of Submissions Dataset track Idea track Application track 31 34 18 Total 73 submissions by 84 persons/grou ps Cf. Open Data Challenge 2011 in Europe 430 submissions from 24 countries = 20 / country 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 19
Awards for each tracks Dataset Track Awards The Best Prize: saveMLAK by F. Kato (NII) 2nd Prize: Location Site of Japanimation by Hoe-Hoe (cheese-factory.net) Idea Track Awards The Best Prize: Linkable Textbook (つながる教科書) by K. Nagumo 2nd Prize: Local Service LOD (地域サービスLOD) by Y. Yamamoto 2nd Prize: LOD-based Politics (LODな政治) by N. Akechi and S.Nishi Application Track Awards The Best Prize: LinkData.jp by S. Simoyama, Y. Yoshida and T. Toyoda (RIKEN) 2nd Prize: go2Museum (ミュージアムへ行こう！) by Y. Ueda 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 20
Dataset Track: The best Prize sav eMLAK Information of rescue and support for the Museums, Libraries, Archives and Kominkans (MLAK) in Japan saveMLAK is a website about the Museums (including art galleries, science centers, aquariums, zoos, botanical gardens, etc.), Libraries, Archives and Kouminkans(community centers) (MLAK) in Japan stricken by 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. We are gathering the information on the damages of those facilities in the disaster area and publishing the requests for assistance from the victims. （http://savemlak.jp/） 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 21
Dataset Track: 2nd Prize Location Site of Japanima tion Contents LOD about Location Site of Japanese animations, game s, light-novels ..etc. Titles of each works and cities form the setting of them ar e represented as LOD using DBpedia. http://cheese-factory.net/lod.html Visualizations of location sites linked to Tokyo in this data set : 2168 locations 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 22
Awards for each tracks Dataset Track Awards The Best Prize: saveMLAK by F. Kato (NII) 2nd Prize: Location Site of Japanimation by Hoe-Hoe (cheese-factory.net) Idea Track Awards The Best Prize: Linkable Textbook (つながる教科書) by K. Nagumo 2nd Prize: Local Service LOD (地域サービスLOD) by Y. Yamamoto 2nd Prize: LOD-based Politics (LODな政治) by N. Akechi and S.Nishi Application Track Awards The Best Prize: LinkData.jp by S. Simoyama, Y. Yoshida and T. Toyoda (RIKEN) 2nd Prize: go2Museum (ミュージアムへ行こう！) by Y. Ueda 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 23
Idea Track: The best Prize Linkable Textbook (つながる教科 書) Basic Idea: Learn as linked information. Textbook which provides links with all related information based on geographical information. Food Plant History News Technology Transportation Event 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 24
Awards for each tracks Dataset Track Awards The Best Prize: saveMLAK by F. Kato (NII) 2nd Prize: Location Site of Japanimation by Hoe-Hoe (cheese-factory.net) Idea Track Awards The Best Prize: Linkable Textbook (つながる教科書) by K. Nagumo 2nd Prize: Local Service LOD (地域サービスLOD) by Y. Yamamoto 2nd Prize: LOD-based Politics (LODな政治) by N. Akechi and S.Nishi Application Track Awards The Best Prize: LinkData.jp by S. Simoyama, Y. Yoshida and T. Toyoda (RIKEN) 2nd Prize: go2Museum (ミュージアムへ行こう！) by Y. Ueda 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 25
Application Track: The best Prize LinkData.jp A support site for publishing LOD. The users can convert Table format data into RDF and publish them. http://linkdata.org/ It is used for Hands-on sessions in LOD Challenge Days. - Several dataset are submitted using this site (tool). 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 26
Application Track: The best Prize go2Museum! (ミュージアムへ行こう！) Museum Search site based on LOD. 3000+ museums are registered through some LODs such as DBpedia, LODAC, saveMLAK. http://goo.gl/owcOJ 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 27
Sponsor/Data Providing Partner Awar ds /Special Awards Sponsor Awards goo Prize: Yokohama Art Spot by F. Matsumura BioLOD Prize: BRC mouse strain by H. Masuya Human Centric Prize (Fujitsu): Knowing how hard the going way is (行く道のしんどさを知る) by N. Ashida et al. Data Providing Partner Awards CiNii Prize（NII): Biomasspedia by Y. Komiyama Special Awards World Cafe Prize: History-link (ヒストリンク) Challenge Day Prize: SOCIA (Social Opinions and Concerns for Ideal Argumentation) / citispe@k Open Government Prize: Yokohama Art LOD / Yokohama Art Search Public LOD Prize: findwc (モバイルトイレナビ)/Park WC Information Mobile Prize: Blooming Camera (花咲かめら：フィールドでのLOD活用) Visualization Prize: DashSearch for SPARQL Media Innovation Prize: Historical Drama LOD (歴史ドラマLOD) Life Science Prize: MEO (Metagenome/Microbes Environment Ontology) Culture Prize: Traveling around Locales (登場地を巡る) 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 28
Mobile Prize Blooming Camera (花咲かめら) By T. Kawamura and A. Ohsuga
An Android application to query a plant from the LOD Cloud to fit an e nvironmental condition using sensors on smart phone, and overlay its g rown form in the space using AR [Kawamura 2011]. [Kawamura 2011] T. Kawamura and A. Ohsuga:Green-Thumb Camera: LOD Application for Field IT, SIG-SWO-A1103-04 It will be presented in In-use track of ISWC2012 “Toward an ecosystem of LOD in the field: LOD content generation and its consuming service, Takahiro Kawamura” 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 29
Characteristics of Japanese LO D through entries to the Chall enge ※Parts of these slides are summary of the presentation by N. Otomori at the 27th SIG-SWO workshop (http://sigswo.org/A1201_program.html). The “NOW” of Japan we could see through the datas ets. Japanese Cultures spreading through LOD. LOD for/by Local Governments/Residents Towards Japanese LOD Foundations Distributions of entries １８ ２１ Media; 16% ３４ Publishing, Library, Education ; 13% Cross-domain; 10% Life Science; 13% Basic Technology ; 13%Government; 12% Dataset Idea Geographic Info.; 22% Application 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 30
The “NOW” of Japan we can see through the datase ts.
Differences between LOD Challenge Japan and other LOD contests a ppears in differences of the datasets.
We can see which domains are advanced in LOD, which datasets are r equired now, etc.
It reflects the “NOW” of Japan every years.
This is one of meaningful reason to continue the LOD Challeng e! Distributions of entries for dataset track Foundation; 1 Local infor M matieodnic ; in 3 e, Life science; 8 The best Prize Politics, SNS; 4 saveMLAK Subculture (Animation); 5The 2nd Prize Support Information for 2011 Tōhoku earthquake Location Site of and tsunami Japanimation 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 31
Japanese Cultures spreading through LOD. In idea track, there are many entries related to J apanese Culture such as subculture, educatio n, history, sightseeing etc. Basic idea: fundamental information (Geographic Info., Person, etc.) + characteristic information of Japanese Idea track Dataset track culture; 8 subculture(animation); 5 other; 26 other; 16 The 2nd Prize The Best Prize Location Site of Linkable Textbook Japanimation 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 32
LOD for/by Local Governments/Residents
Datasets, Ideas and Applications which use Local information abo ut such as museums, local governments etc. were submitted and g ot prizes.
Although Japanese does not provide open data in LOD, two local c ity government, Sabae and Yokohama, publish their local informa tion as LOD and got prizes!
We hope other local and governments and the Japanese Governm ent follow their LOD-Activities. Dataset track Idea track Application track Local Info.; 4 Local Info.; 6 Local Info.; 6 other; 21 other; 12 other; 28 The 2nd Prize The 2nd Prize Local Service LOD Let’s Go Museum! 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 33
News on LOD in Japan Japanese Public Open Data 2012.7. 4 IT Strategic Headquarters in Japan published “e-government o pen data strategies” . Basic principles
① The governments themselves publish public data positively.
② Publish data in machine readable formats.
③ Promote to use for no matter commercial or not
④ Quickly start to open data form public ones. And the results step by st ep. 2012. 7. 27 Open Data Promotion Consortium was established. CKAN in Japanese was stated. http://data.linkedopendata.jp / 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 34
Towards Japanese LOD Foundations Some of the submitted applications aim to provide b asic technologies independent of domains. Kinds of basic technologies which they provide. Developing LOD (3)
Convert Table data / bibTex to RDF. Searching and Visualizing LOD (4) Finding link between resources in different LOD. They could be foundations for Japanese LOD. Basic Technology; 7 other; 18 The Best Prize Linkdata.jp 2012/08/16 IASLOD 2012 35