Application Engine D. Sree lakshmi EnvyTee InfoSoutions
Agenda • Introduction to Application Engine. • Structure & Flow of an Application Engine Program. • Executing Application Engine Programs • Difference b/n AE and SQR
Introduction • Application Engine is used for BATCH or ONLINE processing where you have a large (or small) amount of data that needs to be processed without user intervention. Technical Definition: • An AE program is a set of SQL statements, People Code, and Program Control Actions defined in Application Designer that performs a business process.
Features • Application Engine programs reside completely within your database. • No Compilation required. • Database Flexibility. • Does not generate SQL or PeopleCode. • Built in Re-Start Logic. • Mostly used for SET based processing. • PeopleCode can be written. • AE program can be called from People Code.
Sample AE Program(Definition View)
Structure Of An AE Program • Program • Sections • Steps o Actions
Section • Section Name (e.g. MAIN, etc) and Description • Market • Platform • Effective Date and Status • Auto Commit and Access Type
Section Properties • Section Name (e.g. MAIN, etc) and Description • Market • Platform • Effective Date • Effective Status : Active & Inactive • Auto Commit • Access Type
Step • A Step represents the smallest unit of work that can be committed in a program. • When you first create a program, you have a default MAIN Section and Step, initially named Step01. • All programs require at least one Section, all Sections should contain at least one Step, and all Steps should contain at least one Action.
Step Properties Commit After • Default • Later • After Step On Error Abort Ignore Suppress Frequency
Action • Contains all the code of Application Engine Program. • There are eight types of Actions that you can include within a Step, and a Step can contain multiple Actions. • You can only include one of each Action type within a single Step. • The only mutually exclusive Actions within a single Step are Call Section and SQL Statement.
Action Types Program Flow Actions Program Flow Actions are used to control the execution of your program. With these Action types you can control the execution of subsequent Sections, Action(s), or SQL statements depending on the results of a "Do" SQL statement in the form of a SELECT. Below are the four types of Program Flow Actions • Do When • Do While • Do Select • Do Until
Action Types - Do When • The DO When Action is a SELECT statement that allows subsequent actions to be executed if any rows of data are returned. • This Action is similar to a COBOL "IF" statement. • A DO When statement runs before any other actions in the Step. • If the DO When statement returns any rows, the next Action will be executed. If the Do When conditions are not met, the remaining Actions within that Step are not executed. • Your program executes a DO When Action only once when the owning Step executes. www.itwisesolutions.com
Action Types - Do Select • The DO Select Action is a SELECT statement that executes subsequent Actions once for every row of data that the Do Select returns. • DO Select can execute a SQL statement for each row returned from the SELECT statement. The subsequent Actions within the Step are executed in a loop based on the results of the SELECT statement.
Action Types - Do Select 2.Do Select Type : • Select/Fetch Performs a Fetch for each iteration of the loop to get each row from the SELECT. • Re-Select It opens a cursor and fetches the first row. • Restartable It performs a Fetch on each iteration of the loop to get each row from the SELECT. It can be Restarted.
Action Types - Do Until Use a Do Until if you want the "processing actions" to execute at least once, and to execute over and over until a certain condition is true, such as until a SELECT returns some rows.
Action Types - PeopleCode PeopleCode Actions allow you to take advantage of IF-THEN logic, messaging, File Layouts, Component Interface and various other features all from within your Application Engine programs. Configurable Properties On Return : If your PeopleCode program provides a false result, you can have Application Engine respond by doing one of the following: • Abort The program issues an error and exits immediately. • Break The program exits the current Step and Section, and control returns to the calling Step. • Skip Step The program exits the current Step, and continues processing at the next Step in the Section.
Action Types - SQL Use this Action if you want to perform the following SQL commands on multiple rows: • UPDATE • INSERT • DELETE • SELECT
Action Types - SQL Configurable Properties 2.No Rows In the event that the SQL (INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE) associated with the SQL Action does not return any rows, you need to specify what your Application Engine program should do. • Abort The program terminates. • Section Break Application Engine exits the current Section immediately, and control returns to the calling Step. • Continue The program continues processing. • Skip Step Application Engine exits the current Step immediately and moves on to the next Step.
Action Types - Call section • Use the Call Section Action to Call Another Section defined in an Application Engine program. • You can call a (local) Section defined within your current program, otherwise Section MAIN would be the only Section executed. • Also you can make external calls to a Section defined in another Application Engine program. • The external Section you intend to call must have its Access property set to Public. • If a Section's Access property is set to Private, that Section can only be called from within the same program. • Call Section is the only supported way to call Application Engine programs or Sections from other Application Engine programs or Sections.
Action Types - Log Message • Use this type of Action to write a message to the Message Log. • The Message Log refers to the PeopleTools table PS_MESSAGE_LOG where execution messages reside. Configurable Properties • Message Set Identifies a message set within the Message Catalog. • Number Identifies a particular message within a Message Set. • Parameters A list of comma-delimited values to substitute for %1, %2, and so on markers in the message text.
Properties of State Records • The Application Engine State Record is the method by which you allocate variables for your Application Engine program. • It is also the method by which Section, Steps, and Actions pass values to subsequent program steps. • You can think of State Records in Application Engine as global variables without scope limiting rules. • Only one record can be the default State Record • Record Types as SQL and Derived/Work Records • Process Instance is the only key Field and is used for maintaining session • Notice the _AET naming convention
Temporary Tables • PeopleSoft batch applications employ the technique of SET processing, and set processing (in most cases) involves extensive use of temporary tables. • Temp Tables are used to store transient or intermediate results • Improve performance • Any Program
Parallel Processing • Making batch temp tables parallel processing aware o Instance count is the number of concurrent instances o Batch Temp tables = Sum of the instance count for each program a table is used o Naming convention PS_NAME_TMPnn
SET Processing • Set processing is a SQL technique used to process groups, or sets, of rows at one time rather than processing each row individually
USING Re-Start • Application Engine has the built-in ability to save a program state and restart where it stopped processing in the case of an abend.
Invoking AE Program • To invoke or run an Application Engine program: • Process Scheduler • People Code • Command Line
Invoking AE Program(Process Scheduler)
Invoking AE Program(Process Scheduler)
Invoking AE Program(Peoplecode) • CallAppEngine • To call a particular Application Engine program synchronously from a page using PeopleCode, you need to use the CallAppEngine() function in your SavePreChange or SavePostChange PeopleCode. • The basic syntax for CallAppEngine() is as follows: CallAppEngine(applid [, statereclist ]);
Application Engine Execution Application Push Button AE Run Engine Process Process Process Scheduler Command Peoplecode Call PSAE.exe Logon Execute Retrieve AE Constructs AE Program Definitions PS Peoplecode Database Program Files Issue AE program SQL
Difference b/n AE an SQR • Restart Facility • Inbuilt Tool • Graphical User Interface