Written by: Cikgu Marzuqi Mohd Salleh M.Sc. Ed USM Edited by Cikgu Suhaili, B. Menagement (hons) Ed USM Credited by Sir Marzuqi M. Salleh
Professional Master in Education
TOTAL MARKS FOR DIRECTED WRITING
Aspects Marks Format 3 Content 12 Language 20 TOTAL 35
Past Years’ Question
Year Format Task 1997 An article for school newspaper To inform students about the nature club and persuade them to join. 1998 A format letter to the Manager of a factory To request a visit for your school consumer club. 1999 A report to the principal To inform the principal about the poor condition and services or the library. 2000 An information letter to your mother To ask for some money to buy a birthday gift for your brother. 2001 An article for your school magazine How cope with stress 2002 A talk to other students Road Safety 2003 A formal letter to your teacher To state the choice made by your class on a trip after the end-of-year examination and give reasons for the choice. 2004 A report for the principal To write on matters in your school which could be improved 2005 A letter to a friend (informal letter) To describe your experiences at a three-day outdoor camp. 2006 A letter to a friend (informal letter) To give reasons why he/she would make a good Head Prefect 2007 A talk to students To give a talk on a reference book that is useful for secondary students 2008 An article for a school magazine To write an article about your friend. 2009 A report to the principal To give reasons for the lack of interest in sports and provide suggestions to overcome the problems. 2010 A letter to your cousin To tell him/her about the benefits of the National Service Programme and to encourage him/her to go. 2011 A speech to Red Crescent Society To inform them on how to manage a sprained members ankle. 2012 A letter to younger sister (informal letter) To advise her on how to spend her money wisely. 2013 A letter to the Town Council (formal letter) Complaint about poor condition in Indah
1.You are unhappy with the poor condition and services of your school library. Write a report to your principal. You must use the notes given below.
Rude librarian Insufficient space Old furniture Old and torn books Faulty media equipment Short borrowing period
When writing the report, you should remember: to provide a title to use all the notes given the elaborate the notes Example answer 1
To: The Principal of Sekolah Menengah Sains Bertam F1
The Poor Conditions And Services By The Library F2
My name is Ahmad Bin Mohd. Ali. I am very unhappy with the Introduction conditions and services provided by our school library. This is a serious
matter and should be solved as soon as possible.
First of all, the librarians are very rude. They often scold us C1 when we return the books late although we pay the fine. It is hard to E1 see them smile. So I hope you will do something about this.
There is insufficient place to sit and read. Our school has C2 about 1000 students. The library is too small. We have to stand and sit E2 outside the library along the corridor to read books or newspaper.
Besides, the library has old furniture. The chairs are all rusty C3 and some even broken. The tables are shaking and might fall one day.
The racks are very old. We are afraid if would fall anytime. I request the E3 school to buy new furniture.
Apart from that, our library is filled with old and torn books,
which are not suitable for the students. Some of us have asked the C4 teacher in charge to buy new books but he said the library has financial E4 problems.
Other than that, the media equipment is faulty. The students
cannot access computers anytime they want. The television cannot be C5 switched on. We hope that the school will buy a new television or repair E5 the old one.
Finally, the students are not satisfied with the borrowing period,
which is too short. We can only borrow the reference books for two C6 days. We can borrow the story books for one week. We hope the library E6 would expand the borrowing period. This is all I would like to complain
about. I hope you will look into this matter as soon as possible.
(Ahmad bin Mohd. Ali)
Student from form 5A,
SM Sains Bertam,
Pulau Pinang. F3
2. Imagine that you were very dissatisfied with the food and service at an expensive restaurant where you entertained your family. Write a letter of complaint to the restaurant‟s management. Include the following points:
- Rude waiters
- Poorly cooked food
- Unhygienic conditions
- Wrongly totalled bill
- Noisy surroundings
- Old and uncomfortable furniture
In your letter you should:
- state your complaint
- elaborate on your complaints
- ask the management to rectify the complaints
- express your thoughts about dining at the restaurant again
Example answer 2
Lot A13 Taman Berjaya,
Nibung Tebal, F1 14300 N.Tebal,
Jalan Simpang Ampat,
13500 Simpang Ampat.
09 SEPTEMBER 2013 F2
Complaint About Unsatisfactory Food And Restaurant Service
I wish to express my dissatisfaction about the food and service at your
established and well-known restaurant. On behalf of my family, I would Introduction
like to raise a few points regarding this matter. My family and I had
dinner at your restaurant on 08 September 2013 to celebrate my
mother‟s 50th birthday. We expected to have a great time at your
seafood restaurant but unfortunately we did not.
2. Your waiters treated us rudely and inconsiderately. We had to wait
for about half an hour before we could order any food. The waiter C1 spoke to us rudely whilst taking the orders. In fact, he scolded my E1 mother who wanted to have a cup of tea without sugar. He claimed that
the restaurant does not serve such a drink. For your information, my
mother has diabetes and is trying to avoid taking sugary food and drinks.
3. The poorly cooked food was also unsatisfactory. We were C2 surprised to find out that the roast chicken and fish that we had ordered E2 were still raw and inedible. The mushroom soup tasted a bit sour and
the fried prawn was overcooked. We made a complaint about the food to
your waiters and cooks but no further action was taken.
4. Besides, the poorly served food we also felt uncomfortable with the
dirty and unhygienic conditions at your restaurant. The food was C3 greasy. There were some cats wandering searching for food. These bad E3 conditions are harmful as they might get food poisoning and other health
5. I nearly lost RM57 as a result of the wrongly totalled bill I was C4 given. It was my sister who noticed the unreasonable price of the food. E4 Then, we recounted the bill and found that out it was wrongly calculated.
The total was supposed to be RM120 but the calculation made by the
cashier showed RM177.
6. Another problem that spoiled our evening was the noisy C5
surroundings, especially the yelling of waiters and waitresses calling E5 names and taking orders from the customers. Besides this, the loud
music and noise coming from the kitchen also contributed to this
unsatisfactory situation. What more disappointing were the defective
fans and air-conditioners? The weather was very humid and there were
a lot of people in the restaurant. There are also old and uncomfortable C6 furniture in your restaurant.
7. Hereby, I would like to make suggestions to help you solve these
problems. First of all, I suggest that you look at your restaurant and
make sure no more cats and other stray animals are on your premise.
You should also train your waiters and cooks to provide good service E6 and food to customers. It would be better to use a calculator to avoid
mistakes in totalling the bill. You need to repair the defective fans and
air-conditioners immediately. Last but not least, cleanliness should be
maintained in all parts of your restaurant. I hope that you will look into
these complaints and take immediate actions. It is very important to
remember that „The Better The Service, The Better The Business‟.
Thanking you in advance for your co-operation.
Rodziana F3 (RODZIANA RAZALI)
3.You are the President of the Environmental Club of your school. You have been requested by your principal to give a speech during school assembly. Your speech is in conjunction with the “Love your Environment” campaign. Using the notes below, write your speech.
o Collect waste material and separate o Send to recycling centers/Collect old newspapers o Poster competition o Do not litter
Example answer 3
A very good morning I bid to the principal, Pn. Aqilah binti Ahmad, F1 senior assistants, teachers and friends.
I am Izzairy bin Azmie, proudly standing here as the President of F2 the Environmental Club, and am really honoured to be given this Introduction opportunity to talk to all of you today. In conjunction with the “Love your
Environment” campaign, I would like to talk about the activities to be Guide carried out to show that we love our environment. statement
As students, it is our responsibility to keep our environment
clean. We play a vital role in protecting our environment. A lot of waste E1 can be reused such as bottles, cans, and newspapers. Therefore, every
morning we will go around the school compound and collect all waste C1 materials. Then we must separate these waste products in different E2 garbage bags. These garbage bags will then be sent to Recycling
The next activity is collecting old newspapers from our home.
You are requested to collect old newspapers and bring them to C2 school every morning. The collection centre will be the school canteen. E3 There will be someone from the club who will be in charge of the E4 collection. Please make sure that you tie the newspapers into bundles
before handing them in.
Another activity that will be held is the poster competition. C3 Anyone interested must register with Lim May May from Form 5 Mulia. E5 The closing date of submission is the 10th March 2011. The theme of
the posters must follow the theme of our campaign. The first prize E6 winner will get a book voucher of RM200, the second prize winner will
get a book voucher of RM100, and the third prize winner will receive a
book voucher of RM50.
Finally, I wish to give a word of reminder to you all. Please do C4 not litter. We must avoid the habit of throwing rubbish indiscriminately. E7 We must always remember that a cleaner environment would ensure a E8 happier and healthier life. I would like to make an appeal for full
cooperation from all parties to make this campaign a success. With F3 that, thank you.
4.You find that many of your friends are under a lot of pressure. They spend most of their day studying and appear to suffer from stress. Write an article for your school newsletter on how to cope with stress.
Include the following points: Regular exercise Hobbies Work in groups Balanced meals Enough sleep Study skills Make a check-list Seek advice Talk to your family Listen to music Counsellors Game
Coping with Stress F1 by Wira Mohamad F2
The phenomenon of students under pressure is evident from the
behaviour of those students affected. I am a student and I know when Introduction my friends are under pressure. Some of those active ones will suddenly
turn passive. Some will become too quiet while some tend to get Guide angry fast. statement
There are many ways one can get rid of stress. Firstly, student,
especially teenagers, must go for regular exercise. A brisk walk in the
park would release a lot of tension. Students should play football, C1 hockey, basketball and badminton to reduce stress. C12
Exercise is also said to relax the body muscles and keep you
calm. Students must have hobbies such as reading, collecting stamps,
fishing or listening to music of your choice. These leisure activities C2 help keep students free from school-related stress. C10
Therefore, students should plan a time-table. They can also
work in groups to solve some of their academic problems. Besides
making friends and discussing certain issues, group discussions can C3 help improve study skills. One of these is the ability to make a check-
list of all the activities planned and carried out. This in turn will make C6/C7 studying more effective and avoid unnecessary pressure.
Students should also have balanced meals and enough sleep.
These are said to be basic to healthy lives. Students, especially those C4/C5 in examination classes, must sleep and eat well because a healthy
body creates a healthy mind. However, the process of going to sleep
can sometimes be difficult. Hence, it is necessary to seek advice from
those whom we trust and love. Counsellors in school are helpful but C8 you can always talk to your family first. However, if nothing works, C11 there is a need to seek treatment from the relevant authorities. You may C9 be surprised but a friend of mine said that screaming at the mountains
and laughing your heart out can take away stress.
Section A: Directed Writing [35 marks] You are the president of the English Language Society in your school. You noticed that most of your friends are stressed about the SPM examinations. Write a speech on how to cope with the problem to be delivered during an assembly.
WAYS TO DEAL WITH EXAM STRESS Early preparations • Eat nutritious food • Do regular physical activities • Attend motivational talks or seminars
Last minute preparations • Think positive • Take a short break • Have an early night
When writing your speech you should remember to: • address the audience • use all the content points given • give examples / further details for each content point • add any relevant information of your own • write in paragraphs • end the speech appropriately
You are the Head Prefect of your school. You received many complaints from the students concerning the school canteen. You have decided to write a report to the principal to complain about the conditions of the canteen. Write your report based on the information below.
Complaints on the canteen Food Cleanliness Not nutritious Food exposed to flies Not tasty Dirty cutlery Limited choices Clogged and smelly drains Too expensive
Workers Rude Poor personal hygiene Not enough workers
When writing the report, you should remember: - to give a suitable title - to use all the information given - to add two other complaints of your own - to provide an ending - to indicate your name and position
You are not satisfied with the conditions in your neighbourhood. You would like the District Council to take immediate action. Write a letter of complaint to the District Officer to express your dissatisfaction regarding this matter. You should include the following points in your letter: rubbish dumped along roadside playground not maintained roads with potholes stray cats and dogs increasing in number clogged and smelly drains long and uncut grass
When writing the letter, you should remember to: include all the points given elaborate on all the points given lay out the letter correctly
The English Society of your school recently organised ‘A Caring Society Week’. During that week, the members visited the following institutions in your town to express their care and concern in various ways. Write an article for your school magazine based on all the notes below. Monday: Golden Years Home for the aged distribute food hampers and entertain residents Wednesday: House of Hope for disabled children offer private tuition and organise story-telling session Thursday: Seri Insan Home for under-privileged children treat them to Kenny Fried Chicken and take them to the zoo Saturday: Mutiara General Hospital play board games and decorate children’s ward
When writing the article you should remember: to give an appropriate title to use all the given points to add relevant details to write in paragraphs
CATEGORY DESCRIPTIONS FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF CONTINUOUS WRITING Language 20 marks Mark range Description of criteria A The language is entirely accurate apart from very occasional first 44 - 50 drafts slips Sentence structure is varied and sophisticated – shows the candidate is able to use various types of sentences to achieve a particular effect. Vocabulary is wide and used with precision. Punctuation is accurate and helpful to the reader. Spelling is accurate across the full range of vocabulary used. Paragraphs are well-planned, have unity and are linked. The topic is addressed with consistent relevance. The interest of the reader is aroused and sustained throughout the writing. B The language is accurate; occasional errors are either minor or first 38 - 43 draft slips. Sentences show some variation of length and type, including some complex sentences. Vocabulary is wide enough to convey intended shades of meaning with some precision Punctuation is almost always accurate and generally helpful Spelling is nearly always accurate Paragraphs show some evidence of planning, have unity and are usually appropriately linked. The piece of writing is relevant to the topic and the interest of the reader is aroused and sustained through most of the composition.
Aspects Marks Format
Content 50 Language TOTAL 50
Question Format points Content points Elaboration Language points points FORMAL 1. Address of the Include all the Give details / 20 marks- LETTER sender given content explains / according to 2. Address of the points suggestions criteria recipient 3. Date 4. Salutation 5. Heading/tittle 6. Closure 7. Signature 8. Name and post of the sender INFORMAT 1. Address of the Include all the Give details / 20 marks- LETTER sender given content explains / according to 2. Date points suggestions criteria 3. Salutation 4. Closure 5. Signature 6. Name of the sender REPORT 1. Title Include all the Give details / 20 marks- 2. Address given content explains / according to 3. Signature points suggestions criteria 4. Name of the write 5. Post of the write ARTICLE 1. Title Include all the Give details / 20 marks- 2. Name of the write given content explains / according to points suggestions criteria TALK/SPEECH 1. Greeting Include all the Give details / 20 marks- 2. Introduction/opening given content explains / according to speech points suggestions criteria 3. Ending
COHESIVE DEVICES Cohesive devices Function Example Firstly, secondly, first, To show the logical order of Firstly, the Internet plays an second, finally, lastly, for ideas or time sequence important role in the world of one thing, to begin with, communication. next Also, similarly, furthermore, To link ideas together ….the Internet also saves time as likewise, moreover messages can be delivered in a matter of seconds. Besides, other than that, To add ideas and to link the Besides, the Internet also save apart from that, on top of new ideas to the previous time as messages can be that, in addition ideas delivered in a matter of seconds. This is because, this is due To provide a reason to This is because the Internet offers to the fact that illustrate an ideas provided easy and inexpensive ways to earlier communicate such as e-mails, messenger, chatting, teleconferencing and blogger.
In sum, in short, in To summarize ideas either at In conclusion, it is undeniable conclusion, to conclude, all the end of sections or to that Internet brings us many in all, overall, to summarize explicitly state that the essay advantages. is concluding Which is to say, in other To reinforce the previous idea In other wards, the Internet helps wars, this is by expressing it in a slightly to promote students‟ learning. different way to make it more explicit For example, for instance, To provide an example in …. the Internet offers easy and such as, namely, order to illustrate an idea inexpensive ways to communicate specifically such as e-mails, messenger, chatting, teleconferencing and blogger. Consequently, thus, as a To demonstrate that the Therefore, I strongly disagree with result, hence, so, therefore following idea is a result of the writer‟s opinions which were the previous idea published in your editorial column.
On the other hand, on the To signal differences or Instead, we should make full use contrary, in contrast, alternatives between two of the Internet to benefit mankind. alternatively, conversely, by ideas
instead of Though, however, To state an opposing idea However, I do agree up to a nevertheless, in sprite of certain point with the writer that the that Internet has the potential to distract students from their studies.
LIST OF USEFUL IDOMS/PHRASES
1. Absence makes the heart grow fonder 17. From cradle to the grave (We miss our friends and relatives more (throughout one‟s life) when they are away) eg. Whatever you learn now, you should eg. She use to quarrel with her sister remember it from cradle to the grave. but now, she misses her. It is a case of
absence makes the heart grow fonder. 18. Give a big hand
(to clap/applause) 2. All and sundry eg. Everybody gave a big hand after the (everybody, all types of people) dancers finished their beautiful eg. The government‟s new rule performance. concerns all and sundry.
19. Give a pat on the back 3. As different as night and day (to praise/congratulate someone) (completely different) eg. Although Lim did not excel in his eg. The twins sister may look alike but exams, his parents gave him a pat on the their mannerisms are as different as back for trying hard. night and day.
20. Green with envy 4. Bed of roses (feeling very envious) (a happy, comfortable situation) eg. If you buy a new car, your eg. Life is not always a bed of roses. At neighbours will be green with envy. times, it can be challenging too.
21. Haste makes waste 5. Boiling point (doing something in a hurry will spoil the (when one is very angry) work) eg. When he repeated the mistake for eg. She was in such a hurry that she the third time, the teachers reached the spilt the milk on the floor. Haste makes boiling point. waste.
6. Cost a bomb 22. In hot water (very expensive) (in serious trouble) eg. His new bungalow house cost a eg. The principal caught him red-handed bomb. vandalizing. Now, he is in hot water.
7. Curry favour with someone 23. On the dot (to sweet talk/pretending to be nice to (at exactly the right time) someone for own‟s advantage) eg. We are expected to be at there at eg. Some students have been currying 2.30 on the dot. favour with the new form teacher.
24. On one‟s high horse 8. Cut your coat according to your cloth (very arrogant/proud) (adjust the spending expenses according eg. She has been on her high horse ever to the money one has) since she was admitted to the prestigious
eg. That shirt is too expensive, so I have university. to cut may coat according to my cloth.
25. Pride and joy. 9. Dream come true (A special object that is someone‟s love (a wish has come true) and pride) eg. Having you as a friend is a dream eg. The table that he built on his own, is come true. his pride and joy.
10. Dyed in the wool 26. Shake like a leaf. (holds certain principles/believes (to tremble with fear) strongly since small) eg. The boy who was caught stealing, eg. For a person dyed in the wool, it was was shaking like a leaf. difficult for him to change his ideas and
values. 27. Show one‟s true colours.
(to show one‟s true character) 11. Eat humble pie eg. He pretended to be generous but he (to be apologetic when proven wrong) showed his true colours when he refused eg. You‟ll have to eat humble pie if you‟re to donate money to charity. proved wrong.
28. See red. 12. Every nook and cranny (to become very angry) (everywhere) eg. My mother saw red when she caught eg. They searched every nook and me coming home late at night. cranny for the missing book but to no
avail. 29. Thick and fast
(comes in great numbers and fast) 13. Fall on deaf ears eg. Offers to help the tragedy-stricken (did not pay attention to advice/warning) family came thick and fast. eg. The teacher‟s advice to him seemed
to have fallen on deaf ears. 30. Tom, Dick and Harry.
(anybody) 14. Few and far between eg.We do not want ant Tom, Dick and (Very few/limited) Harry to enter the hall. eg. Good jobs with bright chances for
promotion are few and far between. 31. Ways and means.
(methods or ways to do something) 15. Fish out of water eg. There are ways and means of (someone who is uncomfortable with the making money through business deals. surroundings) Absence makes the heart grow fonder eg. I was like a fish out of water as I was not familiar with the place.
16. From A to Z (to know everything in detail) eg. You should know the details of the topic from A to Z.
TYPES OF WRITING
NARRATIVE ARGUMANTATIVE DESCRIPTIVE FACTUAL
STATE THEIR DESCRIBE A
WRITE A STORY VIEWS SCENE/EVENT, BASED ON FACTS PLACE, PERSON
SAMPLE OUTLINE FOR ESSAY
HOW TO GET EXCELLENT RESULTS IN THE TITLE EXAMINATION Introduction
A. Background information Introduction (P1) B. Follow a few guidelines to get good results
A. Important to pay attention to class
1. To understand teacher
2. Will not miss valuable information Paragraph 2 3. To take notes to study and revise
B. Study throughout class and not before exam
1. Become confused because too much to study Paragraph 3 2. Panic leads to stress
3. Study at eleventh hour too late
C. Prepare timetable
1. To allocate time effectively Paragraph 4 2. Time is not wasted on other activities
3. Stick to schedule to get benefit
A. Can achieve success Conclusion (P5) B. Follow guidelines
HOW TO GET EXCELLENT RESULTS ON YOUR EXAMINATION
Thomas Edison, one of the world‟s leading inventors once
remarked that genius was “two per cent inspiration and ninety-eight
per cent perspiration.” He worked very hard –often 20 hours a day –
doing hundreds of experiments before he could produce an invention. Introduction As a student, do you work as hard as Edison to achieve success in
your studies, by getting excellent results in your examination? Do you
know how to do it? Here are a few guidelines you can follow to Thesis ensure that you do very well in your exams. statement
Firstly, it is important that you pay attention during class. Main point This is to make sure that you understand whatever has been taught. If Elaborate you talk with your friends or daydream when the teacher is teaching,
you will miss valuable information. Do not depend on your friends to Example explain the part of the class that you have missed. This is because
they themselves might not have understood it. Besides, you need to
concentrate on the class to take down notes which will help you to Effect study and revise for test or exams.
Secondly, you must study throughout the year and not just Main point before exams. A last-minute preparation will make you confused Elaborate because you have so much to study in such a short time. This might Example lead to panic and eventually stress. To prevent this from happening to
you, put in regular hours of private study throughout the year. Do not Effect leave it until the eleventh hour. By then it will be too late.
Finally, you should prepare a timetable for revision. You need Main point to have a study schedule or a plan of work for each day so that your Elaborate
time will be allocated effectively. A timetable will ensure that you do not Example waste your precious time on activities that are not related to study.
However, having a good plan will not benefit you, unless you stick to it. Effect
You have to work smart so as to get excellent results in your
examination. To work smart means working hard and ensuring that there is a system in your study. If you follow the guidelines given Sum up / above, you will definitely achieve success in your examination. conclusion
Traffic jams have become one of the aspects of Malaysian
lifestyles. Why do you think this is so? Discuss.
Malaysia is well known for a number of things like good food,
beautiful beaches, tallest building, friendly Malaysians and not
forgetting terrible traffic jams. Yes, traffic jams have become one of the Introduction aspects of Malaysian lifestyles. In fact, some of us even use traffic
jams as our excuse when we are late in submission of assignments.
Why are we putting up with these traffic jams? There are many Thesis reasons for this phenomenon of traffic jams in our lives. statement
In this affluent society, owning a car is not impossible Main point dream. Most of us are able to own a car because of the low affordable Elaborate installments schemes offered nowadays. Buying a car is indeed a
necessity. Besides, nowadays it is very common to see a family with at Example least two cars. These of course have contributed to the large number Effect of vehicles on the roads.
Another factor contributing to the increasing traffic jams is Main point Malaysians are not in the habit of car pooling. In many ways, we Elaborate
are conceited selfish lots as we do not want to create inconvenience Example for ourselves and also not to trouble other people. Thought we are
aware of the benefit of car pooling to reduce traffic jams, we are still far Effect from getting ourselves to embrace the practice of car pooling.
Next, Malaysians are immune to the traffic jams. They have Main point become a part and parcel of our lives. Most of us will just shrug our Elaborate shoulders and accept the frustrations of being caught in the traffic jams
as something that cannot be avoided. Even when there is the ease of Example travelling in our Light Rail Transport (LRT) which has been hailed as
the solution to reduce traffic congestion, many of us still prefer to travel Effect in the comfort of our own car.
In conclusion, traffic jams will continue to be part of our lifestyle
for years to come, if our mentality for comfort, convenience and social
status remains the same. We need to change our attitude if the
problem of traffic jams is to be alleviated. We need too to change our
mindset and try to make use of the public transportation system Sum up or to car-pool whenever we can.
The Challenges that teenagers face in life today.
The teenagers of today face a rapidly changing world with many
challenges. They are confronted with many social issues in life. These
young people are at stage of their lives where they have a sense of
critical perspective in what they see across the world. Challenges Introduction come in various forms: neglect, peer pressure, identity problems,
drugs, eating disorders and others. Our young people need to be en
courage to grow to be productive citizens of the country but first, Thesis we need to know the challenges that these teenagers face on a statement daily basis.
It is generally believed that the teenager years are Main point characterized by rebellion and confusion, the need for social
acceptance by one’s peers as the teenagers struggle to define
their identity to get a focus in life. This is proven to be one of the Elaborate biggest challenges that teenagers will face today. They evaluate the
performances according to the judgments of others and when they fall Example short, they are angry, depressed and they blame themselves for falling
short of the expectation of others. Young people, who dress differently,
think differently. They act differently and may be consumed with self-
reproach, anxiety and fear. They think that to be accepted, they must Effect like the others. They then struggle to be like others and often end up
unhappy and stressed because they are not able to keep up the
Besides peer pressure, other challenges faced by Main point teenagers include personal matters of the heart. Because
teenagers are growing up between the stage of being not quite adults Elaborate and not being children, they have a roller coaster of emotions buried
deep within them. Being in love and falling out of love is a challenge Example faced by teenagers today. Although the teen years offer new
experiences and challenges that can be exciting, this period of time
can also be stressful. The stress of adolescence is one of many factors
that can make young people unhappy. Because teenagers face
hormonal changes, these can affect their moods. To be able to handle
the different mood swings is also challenging to the teenagers. Effect Teenagers may become pressurized, stressed out or worse, be
Besides that, the biggest challenge faced by many Main point teenagers is the need to succeed academically. Studies are a
major challenge for most teenagers and this is by no means getting Elaborate easier with the stiff competition in the world of education. Students are Example becoming smarter and the drive to be the best is the constant Effect challenge faced by many teenagers.
To conclude, all of us need to recognize these challenges
faced by the young people and we have to find ways to help them
overcome their problems. The teenagers who are going through
difficult and tough times need positive, caring people who can steer
them to the right direction so their lives can be shaped into something
positive and meaningful. Teenagers, like all of us, sometimes just Sum up need help and guidance and ears to listen to their problems.
Forming study groups is an effective way f studying. Give your
Forming independent study groups is a common phenomenon in Introduction polytechnics, colleges and universities these days. This concept is also
promoted by the local school authorities as research has proven that
there are many advantages to be derived when students discuss Thesis lessons in groups. statement
Firstly, study groups help students to gain important values Main point that cannot be literally taught in class. In study groups, students Elaborate depend on each other for support. The faith and trust put on members
in group create the bond and bind them together. Members have to be Example
committed to one another as long as they are part of the group. It is
this interdependence that increases the effectiveness of a study group.
Punctuality is another ground rule that all members come and go as Effect they like, the bond will be broken and the group will slowly sink.
Secondly, study groups promote active interaction among Main point students. This is healthy as through interaction students are able to Elaborate revise lessons that were taught in class and help each other in subject
areas. Lessons which are not understood or covered well in class can Example be trashed out with friends. This encourages active learning and
students are able to internalize concepts and ideas better in the long
run. Over time students become not just good communicators, but Effect good listeners as well.
Thirdly, Study groups help students become effective Main point team players. Generally, students would like to belong to a group they Elaborate are comfortable with and have faith in. In a study group students have Example to train themselves to have a positive mindset and to contribute ideas.
This challenges students to increase their knowledge and to prepare
them for challenging tasks in their careers later on in life. If members
are negative, lazy and not committed, they may be rejected by
members. Being effective team members helps prepare students for
the workforce too. Companies these days expect employees to Effect cooperate and work well in group projects.
In conclusion, the above points show us that study groups have
many advantages to offer the students. All teachers should encourage
and guide their students to form study groups. It may take your time
getting adjusted to group study, but over time you will find it Sum up rewarding.
Gangsterism has become a problem in many schools these days.
Gangsterism is becoming a growing problem in schools these
days. Although efforts have been taken by school authorities to curb
this problem, unfortunately, it still exists. This inevitably affects the Introduction teaching and learning process of the students. It is necessary to find
out the reasons why students get involved in gangsterism and to Thesis look for ways to solve this problem. statement
The main cause for gangsterism, especially in most Main point secondary schools, is peer pressure. Students, especially at lower Elaborate secondary level, are sometimes coerced into submitting to their
seniors. These students are afraid that if they do not submit Example themselves to their seniors, they may be harassed, bullied and even
physically harmed. These seniors become gangsters who normally
target meek and insecure students and lure them with money. Little do Effect these preys realize that they are unconsciously being initiated into
becoming gang members themselves. This cycle goes on and one
tragedy leads to another.
Another cause for gangsterism is the influence of the home Main point on students’ minds. Research has shown that students from broken Elaborate homes are vulnerable to these activities. These days, with both
parents working, students lack parental love and care. This is Example compounded if parents bicker and fight all the time while they are at
home. All these may lead to insecurity in students. When this happens, Effect these innocent victims fall preys to the negative attractions handed to
them by gangsters. Interestingly, one cannot deny that the bond
among gangsters, even at a young age, is solid and strong.
The family and the school play important roles in curbing Main point this problem. Firstly, parents should take full responsibility of their Elaborate children and their daily movements. Care and attention should be
given to children at home to boost their self esteem and to assure
them that their home is their safety zone. There should also be good Example communication between parents and children. Apart from that, parents
have to make it a point to visit their children‟s schools often enough to
get feedback on their children‟s performances. In this way, students Effect will feel belonged and valued and will not be threatened by the tactics
used by gangsters.
In short, the responsibility to curb gangsterism falls on the
shoulders of parents too. The home should be safety net for students
not just in happier times but also during difficulties. Together with the Sum up schools, parents can help to reduce or even to eliminate gangsterism over time.
Exercise 1 Parents should allow teenagers to make their own decisions. Discuss.
Make an introduction ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Thesis statement ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
Make body 1 Main point, Elaborate, Example, Effect/Suggestion ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
Make body 2 Main point, Elaborate, Example, Effect/Suggestion ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
Make body 3 Main point, Elaborate, Example, Effect/Suggestion ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
Exercise 2 Success comes to those who work hard. Do you agree?
Make an introduction ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
Make a conclusion ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
ENGLISH PERFECT SCORE SPM 2014
Novel: Catch Us If You Can
SCORE: 9 - 10
BAND DESCRIPTORS: Response - relevant to specified task. Elaborations given - well - supported and linked with evidence or knowledge from text. Main and supporting ideas - relevant to specified task. Ideas - clearly presented, well - organised and easily understood.
Written by: Cikgu Marzuqi Mohd Salleh M.Sc. Ed USM Edited by Cikgu Suhaili, B.Management (hons) Ed USM
Novel: Catch Us If You Can
Bil. Questions Task 1. Character you like best Character 2. Event that teaches you an important moral lesson Moral value 3. Character you sympathize with Character 4. Memorable event Event 5. Love is important in a family. How is shown in the novel Moral value you have read? 6. The main character’s determination Character 7. Character in the novel that you look up to Character 8. What happens’ at the end of the novel. Why the ending Plot is either happy or sad. 9. Who a character has to make a difficult decision. Did Character he make the right decision? 10. Which part of the story do you like most? Plot 11. Event that make you angry. Event 12. Which characters have a negative impact? Character
Marks awarded are as follows: Aspects Marks Content 10 Language 5 TOTAL 15 marks
Elements of the Novel
Challenges of growing up and coping Main characters with responsibility
Love, compassion and family
Granda McIntosh relationships
Social responsibilities and public
awareness. Minor characters
Power and authority.
Mr Foley, Dr Nicol
Darren‟s mum, Tony, Tess
Sammy, Tyrone and Ruby
Bernie, his wife, and daughter Zara
Rab, Annie, Norma, Nicola
The mad bunch of the Castle Street Children‟s home. Moral values Message
Love and care of family
In is important to love, care for and
Compassion and kindness protect family members.
Respect and concern for others and
Religious piety their rights is important.
Not to be judgmental
Community and social workers need to
Maintaining family relationships be sensitive and caring.
Faith in the Almighty is essential.
Appearance may be deceiving
Prejudices in society must be corrected.
Synopsis Sinopsis Catch Us If You Can is a heart-warming „Tangkap kami jika kamu boleh’, ialah hati- story of love between Rory and his grandfather. On Pemanasan Kisah Cinta antara Rory dan datuknya. another level, it is a story of adventure and escape. Pada peringkat yang lain, mengisahkan Granda is dependent on his grandson, Rory, pengembaraan dan melarikan diri. Granda hanya because he is forgetful and often misplaces things. bergantung kepada cucunya, Rory, kerana dia Rory is very good to his Granda and does seorang pelupa dan kerap kali tersalah meletak everything possible to make him comfortable. One barang. Rory sangat baik dengan Granda dan dia day, Granda sets the flat on fire. Soon after, Rory is membuatkan datuknya senang. Pada satu hari, taken into foster care and his Granda is sent to care Granda membakar di flat. Tidak lama selepas itu, home. Rory hates being away from Granda and Rory dimasukkan ke dalam rumah anak angkat dan think of escape plan. Their attempt to escape is not Granda dihantar ke rumah penjagaan. Rory benci easy as their pictures are in the newspapers and dengan tangkapan Granda dan fikir untuk melarikan aired on television. Their journey is full of diri. Percubaan mereka untuk melarikan diri bukanlah unexpected twists and turns and a number of mudah kerana gambar-gambar mereka telah tersebar people help the young boy and his ailing luas di televisyen dan surat kabar. Perjalanan mereka grandfather penuh dengan ranjau yang tidak dijangka dan sebilangan orang telah membantu Rory dan datuknya yang sedang sakit
How is the theme love shown in the novel you have read? Support you answer with close reference to the text.
How is the theme love shown Paragraph I have read the novel „Catch Us If You Can‟, written by Introduction Catherine MacPhail. It is an interesting novel. One of the main themes of the novel is love. First and foremost, Granda has been taking care of Rory ever Evidence + since his mother passed away and his father walked out of their life. Example Granda sees the needs of Rory in schooling and goes to see the class teacher whenever being called. On top of that, Darren gives the key of his mom‟s caravan to Evidence + Rory in the Great Escape. Tyrone agrees with her mother Ruby to Example help Rory and Granda in their journey because he could empathise with Rory and his Granda. Apart from that, Rab gives shelter to Rory and Granda knowing Evidence + that they are in trouble. Norma and her daughter, Nicola allow Rory Example and Granda to stay overnight at their house. To sum up, the theme love is shown between the main Conclusion character, Rory and the people surrounding him that is his grandfather, his best friend, Darren and the new friends like Tyrone and his family, Rab and friends. It is true that „Love does not count‟‟ and „A friend in need is a friend indeed!‟.
In the novel that you have studied, which characters do you like most? Which characters do you like most Paragraph I have read the novel „Catch Us If You Can‟, written by Introduction Catherine MacPhail. I like Rory the most as compared to other characters. First of all, he is a young boy who is very attached to his aging Evidence + grandfather, Granda. His dedication in taking care of Granda Example impresses me as it shows that he is a caring and mature boy for his age. Besides, his courage and determination to remain united and Evidence + close to his Granda even when faced with desperate situations is Example endearing. This is especially clear when Granda was admitted to the old folks‟ home at Rachnadar and Rory became very upset.
This shows that he is a caring person. Another trait that makes Evidence + me like Rory even more is helpless and clueless in dealing with the Example simplest of situations. Rory‟s sacrifice and commitment towards his grandfather really makes him my favourite character of the novel. To sum, it is clear that I like Rory best because of his positive Conclusion values, strength and determination.
Write about a character you sympathize with/admire. Give reasons for your choice.
A character you sympathize with/admire Paragraph From the novel „Catch Us If You Can‟, written by Catherine Introduction MacPhail, the character I sympathize with/admire is Rory. There are many reasons why I choose him. The first reason I choose Rory is because he was a loving Evidence + grandson. Ever since his grandfather had not been well, Rory took Example care of almost everything. He would make sure that Granda took his medicine every day. He would also buy food for Granda during his school lunch break. To Rory, Granda was everything and he loved his grandfather very much because after his mother died, Granda was the only person who brought him up. Another reason is because Rory was a brave boy and acted Evidence + like a savior to his grandfather. First, when he knew that his Example grandfather would not last long at Rachnadar, the resting home, he planned an escape for both of them. He ran away from the orphanage in Castle Street and saved his grandfather from Rachnadar. This shows that Rory is brave and cared very much of his grandfather. In addition, Rory is also a high risk taker because he ran away Evidence + with an old and sick grandfather. His plan almost cost him his Example grandfather‟s life when at one point, his grandfather collapsed and fainted while they were escaping from a house of Rab‟s friend, Norma. He received the news from Nicola, Norma‟s daughter that her mother had gone to the police to report their where about. Therefore, Rory and Granda ran away again. He planned to take his grandfather to Liverpool with an intention to reunite with his long lost father. Based on the reasons and evidence from the novel, I really Conclusion sympathize with/admire Rory. From the beginning until the end of the story, he had to face so many problems. However, in the end he managed to save both himself and his beloved Granda. He was also united with his own father and his family.
Describe what happens at the end of the novel. Explain how you find the ending of the story. Support your answer with close reference to the text. what happens at the end of the novel (Plot) Paragraph Based on the novel that I have studied, Catch Us if You Can Introduction by Catherine MacPhail, at the end of this novel, Rory had a great shock in his life when he thought that his grandfather was dead before he at last met his biological father and together with his grandfather, they both reconciled with Jeff McIntosh, Rory‟s father, his stepmother and his two sisters. Rory then had a happy time with his new found family. When Granda fainted at the bus shelter while on their run, Evidence + Rory ran away to get help, leaving Granda at the shelter. He received Example a help from a stranger who recognised him from the news on the television. He and his grandfather were taken to the hospital but on their way, a man whom Rory thought a policeman in plain clothes sat beside him in the patrol car and he later found out that the man was his father. Rory spent the next few days with his new found family while at Evidence + times visiting his grandfather who was recovering at the hospital. His Example father‟s wife, Karen was kind as she came and asked Rory to go and stay with them while Granda was hospitalised. He also found out that he got two little sisters, Ronda 5, and Ava, 3. Granda loved the granddaughters soon as he saw them even though he was still mad at his son. Rory‟s dad was an apologetic man. He asked for forgiveness Evidence + from Rory and Granda every now and then. He was sorry about Example leaving his son away with his father because he could not accept the insults from his father. He asked Rory to give him a chance to be a good father and a good son to his ailing father. They were given a flat and helps came around every day which made him wonder why not before? But he realized that he had found what he had looking for. In conclusion, I find that the ending of the novel is a joyful one. Conclusion This is because Rory had found what he had been looking for, a family of his own and a comfortable life for his grandfather. It is very convenient to find that Rory could forgive everyone who had caused him pain and fear of losing hope. I am also happy to cherish the friendships that Rory had built with the people he met along his journey: Ruby, Sammy and Tyrone; Norma, Nicola, Annie, Rab; not forgetting his ever good buddy, Darren.
Choose an event in the novel you have studied which you find to be the most memorable. Give reasons for your choice and with close reference to the text, discuss the event. An event in the novel you have studied which you find to be the Paragraph most memorable. The novel I have studied is Catch Us If You Can by Catherine Introduction MacPhail and I find the most memorable event is when Rory and his Granda had to go away from Darren‟s mother‟s caravan after Darren sent him a message telling him that the authority had known where Rory and his Granda were. It is a memorable event because from there Rory and Granda Evidence + started to have more interesting adventures. For instance, Rory had Example to urge his grandfather to move faster and in doing so, he could see it was very funny because Granda was trying hard not to show his panic. Granda was also forgetting his shoes which Rory had to shove the shoes to his feet while wrapping his coat and scarf around him and also buttoning his jacket as well. Rory had also not forgotten his grandfather‟s things including the food and warm clothes. The event is also memorable because Rory and Granda were Evidence + always alert for the authority not to get them. He was careful not to let Example his grandfather lose the way by taking and pulling his grandfather‟s hand at him. He also flung his hand phone into the bushes because it would be useless to him since the phone had run out of battery and there was no way for him to charge it. It is a memorable event because from there Rory and Granda Evidence + met more kindhearted people who jumped in to give them a helping Example hand. For instance, the man and his son, Sammy and Tyrone whom Rory and Granda met at the loch while they were fishing the other day helped them by giving them a ride in their caravan to get away from the camp site which was full of police and their search party. Sammy‟s wife Ruby gave Rory and Granda food and drinks in the journey. This also tells us that not all strangers that we meet are bad people or unkind. We should learn to respect people in order for people to respect us. In conclusion, the most memorable event from this novel is the Conclusion part when Rory and Granda got away from the caravan because this has caused them to face more interesting adventures and encountered with some kind-hearted people like Sammy, Ruby and Tyrone.
Choose a message that you obtained from the novel that you have read and say what you have learned from it.
A message that you obtained from the novel Paragraph In Catch Us If You Can by Catherine MacPhai, one important Introduction message the author conveys is that we must show respect and concern for others and uphold their rights. We are told that people like Granda need special care and Evidence + attention. Rory remembers that the good days when his Granda made Example toffee apples for him, put up Christmas trees and carried him on his shoulders at footfall matches. He remembers Grand‟s better moments and therefore wants to care for him now. Rory hides Granda‟s smoking pipe and drills him on how to behave at Parents‟ Night. Rory treats his Granda with respect all the time and even when he teases Granda, it is done in a kind and humorous manner. The authorities think that Granda should be put away in an old Evidence + folks‟ home but both Rory and Granda think that is not right. Granda is Example unhappy about it and does not want to be separated from Rory. I think the elderly should have their wishes respected and be cared for at the same time. They must have proper home help, meals and medical care. They have done much for us before. Now it should be our turn to do good for them. Let them live their remaining days in pride and dignity. Children need to be given the right care and attention too. Evidence + When they become carers, it is harder for them to enjoy the childhood Example they are entitled to, go to school and get the right education. So it is important that they get the use of proper services from the authorities. They emotional needs too must be addressed. People who are different from us must be treated with respect. Conclusion Take the travelers for example. People look down upon them, but they have their rights too and need to be treated with respect and dignity. This is an important message that is most relevant in today‟s world.
What is the important moral value you have learned in the novel of your choice? Give evidence from the novel to support your answer.
The important moral value you have learned in the novel Paragraph In Catch Us If You Can by Catherine MacPhail, I learnt about Introduction compassion for fellow human beings. Many characters exhibit compassion for each other and act in a kind manner because of their compassionate nature. Rory and Granda care for each other and there is compassion Evidence + in their actions. Rory cares for his grandfather‟s well-being and Example protects him from anything he considers bad, offensive or dangerous. Granda tries his best to help Rory unfortunately makes mistakes, but there is still compassion. He strongly says that no grandson of his is going to a home for as long as he is around. Dr Nicol, Val Jessup, the police and the nurse act Evidence + compassionately towards Granda and Rory. They are affected by the Example dilemma of an ageing man who is so dependent on a young boy and therefore do what they think is the best. Even Darren‟s mum thinks Rory has taken on too big a responsibility and worries over him. Mrs Foley, Rory‟s teacher, wants to foster Rory because of this same reason. Darren offers his mum‟s caravan to them because he cares for Evidence + Rory and Granda. He warns them about the arrival of the police. Tony Example and Tom look after Rory in the children‟s home because they know he is miserable. Sammy, Ruby and Tyrone help pair on their escape because of their kind nature. All the others, like Bernie, Rab, Annie and Norma are concerned about the pair‟s well-being. They feel for both Granda and Rory and do their best to make things better for them. I think the nature of the characters proves that the author thinks Conclusion that being compassionate helps you lead a good life.
Written by: Cikgu Marzuqi Mohd Salleh M.Sc. Ed USM B.Sc. (hons) Ed USM
1.NOUNS NOUNS People Animals Things Places Activities Concepts girl cat radio Malaysia reading knowledge boy fish computer town cycling gravity
Proofread the following sentences for errors in countable (singular or plural) and uncountable nouns. Underline the errors and correct them. 1. Forty childrens from the orphanage were taken on a sightseeing tours round Putrajaya. 2. How many time have you been to the library? 3. These flower cost about RM 50. 4. My favourite colour are blue and yellow. 5. I can finish reading this books in two week. 6. She is saving some money to buy a new pair of shoe. 7. The furnitures in the room looks old. 8. A kings and queen live in a castle. 9. Insects have three pair of leg, but spiders have four pairs of leg. 10. Shela has three niece and four nephew. 11. There are many interesting place that you can visit in Malaysia.
Proofread the following paragraphs for errors in singular and plural nouns. Underline the errors and correct them. A flea markets is a place where peoples can sell thing they no longer need. There are long table at some flea markets. They may put price tag on the items. Item for sale at the flea markets can still be used. The owner may have outgrown them or they may just be tired of them. But they will fit someone else, and they will be new to someone else. Item at flea market do not cost much money. Some peoples sell hobby project at flea markets. There are many interesting thing to see and buy at flea markets. (12 errors)
Make sentences with the suitable nouns. People (Ali and he) Example: Ali is a good boy. He is always helping others. Answer: Ali is a good boy and always helps others.
Animals (cat and they) Example:
Things (internet and it) Example:
Places (Kuala Lumpur and Penang) Example:
Activities (badminton and netball) Example:
Concepts (knowledge and skill) Example:
2.PRONOUNS Subject Object Possessive Possessive Reflexive pronoun pronoun adjective pronoun pronoun I me my mine Myself He (Ali) him his his Himself She (Anis) her her hers Herself You you your yours Yourself You you your yours Yourselves (Ali and Anis) It (the cat) it its - Itself We (Ali and I) us our ours Ourselves They them their theirs themselves (Ali and Anis) She eats. Ali likes her. That is her car. That is hers She hurt (her car). herself. She baked the cake herself.
1. They (Dollah and Karim) were absent yesterday. 2. I bought ___________ (the watch) from The Omega Shop. 3. ______________ (My friend and I) go to the library every day. 4. _____________ (Puan Aminah) is a teacher. 5. ____________ (the magazines) are on the table. 6. Give _________ (I) some water. 7. Rohaya taught _________ (her brother) how to swim. 8. _________ (the bomb) destroyed _________ (the buildings). 9. ________ (Father) gave ________ (Rohaya) a computer for her birthday. 10. _________ (Durian, rambutan, and papayas) are local fruits. 11. _________ (the girl) is too young to go to school. 12. _________ (the farmers) kill ___________ (caterpillars) with insecticides.
Fill in each blank with the correct pronoun. 1. Sarah thinks that she is the most popular girl in her class. 2. One of the ladies left __________ handbag in the toilet. 3. Tina and Tom live with ___________ grandparents. 4. Mr. and Mrs. Gam live in Kota Kinabalu. ________ have lived there for ten years. 5. Most of the students did not bring ____________ books. 6. Azman parked ___________ car in a no-parking zone, so __________ was towed away. 7. Faridah told ____________ mother that _________ felt ill.
Make sentences with the suitable pronouns. I Example: I am a handsome boy. I was popular among the students in the class.
He (Ali) Example:
She (Anis) Example:
It (the cat) Example:
We (Ali and I) Example:
They (Ali and Anis) Example:
3.VERBS “be” (is, are, am, was, were) is used to farm tenses. Verb Tense Is + going
am + going Present continuous are + going was + going
were + going Past continuous
“do” is used to farm tenses. Verb Tense Does + not + go Simple present Do + not + go Did + not + go Simple past
“have” is used to farm tenses. Verb Tense Has + gone Present perfect Have + gone Had + gone Past perfect
“can, could, may, must, will and should” is used to farm tenses. Verb Tense Can
May + Base form Must Will Should
Underline the correct verb in brackets. 1. You (are, is) wrong and I (am, are) right. 2. One of the boys (does not have, do not have) a book. 3. Five of the men (has, have) donated blood many times. 4. Either those girls or Ali (has, have) taken my notes by mistake. 5. Mathematics (is, are) an interesting subject. 6. The teacher, as well as the pupils, (are, is) going on a field trip. 7. At the top of that hill (stand, stands) a few houses. 8. There (are, is) not much sugar left in the container. 9. Some of the students in this class (do not, does not) do their assignments. 10. Everybody (is, are) invited to party. Use the simple present tense form of the verb in the brackets. 1. Do (Do) you have a brother? 2. Lions and tigers ___________ (be) wild animals. 3. We ____________ (celebrate) Teachers‟ Day on 16 May every year. 4. The plural of fly __________ (be) flies. 5. Your hair ____________ (need) washing. 6. Japan ________ (be) an industrialsed country. 7. Hasni‟s parents ________ (visit) her every weekend. 8. I _________ (do) my homework every night at 9.00. 9. They often _________ (play) badminton with their friends. 10. Friends ________ (be) like flowers in your life. 11. She never _________ (watch) TV at nigh. 12. She _________ (have) two pair of glasses. 13. The pictures on the wall __________ (look) expensive. 14. Nobody in the room __________ (know) the answer to this tricky riddle.
Make sentences with the suitable verbs. Simple future Will + listen Example: I will listen to the radio.
shall + eat
Present Am + eating Example: I am eating my lunch. continuous
Is + drinking
Are + sitting
Past Was + listening Example: Amira was listening to the radio. continuous
Were + falling
Present Has + been Example: Amirah has been studying for two perfect
have + bought
Pas perfect have + seen Example: I have seen that movie twenty times.
has + loved
4.ADJECTIVES At the end of each sentence, there is an adjective in brackets. Rewrite each sentence with the adjective in the correct position. 1. The children loved the lady. (old) __The children loved the old lady.__________________________________________
2. He was a history of mental illness. (long) ______________________________________________________________________ 3. She wanted a life. (quiet) ______________________________________________________________________ 4. The man was dressed in a suit. (dark) ______________________________________________________________________ 5. The doctor examined the child. (injured) ______________________________________________________________________ 6. The student speaks English. (good) ______________________________________________________________________ 7. She is a writer. (successful) ______________________________________________________________________ 8. The lawyer was a man. (humble) ______________________________________________________________________
Make sentences to compare the three forms of transport. Use suitable adjectives.
Aeroplane Car Bicycle
Faster, the fastest 1. The aeroplanes is faster than the car.
2. The car is faster than the bicycle.
3. The aeroplanes is the fastest among the there.
Slower, the slowest 1.
Smaller, the smallest 1.
5.ADVERBS If the main verb is a “Be’ verb, place the adverb after the “Be’ verb. Subject (is, am, are, was, were) Adverb
She was very nervous. we are just good friends. The coffee was too bitter. He Speaks loudly to the audience.
For each sentence, place the adverb in brackets. Rewrite each sentence with the adverbs in the correct position. 1. She can speak German. (well) __She can speak German well._____________________________________________ 2. I am so busy nowadays that I have time to talk to my friend. (hardly) ______________________________________________________________________ 3. She can play the piano. (beautifully) ______________________________________________________________________ 4. He read the safely manual. (carefully) ______________________________________________________________________ 5. She walked towards the door. (slowly) ______________________________________________________________________ 6. The dresses in that shop are expensive. (too) ______________________________________________________________________ 7. The tea was sweet. (very) ______________________________________________________________________