Vanity slide ● Senior software engineer @ TomTom ● Using scala for more than a year ● Stackoverflow (couldn’t miss that) ● http://techblog.bozho.net ● @bozhobg ● (Yes, I’m making presentations about programming languages in PowerPoint with screenshots of code)
The good ● functional and object-oriented ● JVM-based ● val, type inference ● expressive ● DSL-friendly
The good ● case classes - immutable, value classes ● embrace immutability - immutable collections by default ● automatic conversion from and to Java collections
The good ● no null - Option[Foo] ● Reusing java instruments (e.g. guava, slf4j, even spring and hibernate) ● goodies – e.g. instantiating collections without unnecessary brackets or type declarations
Partially applied functions
Traits Multiple inheritance done right
The bad ● tools o The compiler is too slow o IDE-s (Eclipse and Intel iJ) break o sbt (build tool) is buggy ● ecosystem o Many java libraries cannot/should not be used o Most frameworks and libraries and in early phase o binary incompatible => one artifact for each scala version ● lambdas are slower than in Java 8
The bad ● Heavy in terms of concepts and keywords: implicits, for comprehensions, lazy, case class, case object, currying, partially applied functions vs partial functions => ● Steep learning curve ● Syntactic diabetes
Implicits implicit val, implicit def, implicitly, (implicit argument) If anywhere in the execution context there is an implicit definition, any function can read it with(implicit foo: String) => the horror! Saves initialization (e.g. of some tool)
The bad One thing can be written in many ways and there is no “right” way.
The bad “Concise” doesn’t necessarily mean fast to write or easy to read
Philosophy ● Should the language stop us from shooting ourselves in the foot? ● Should this be at the expense of its expressiveness? ● Where is the balance? ● Who is scala suitable for?
Optimistic ● IDEs are getting better ● Frameworks are getting mature ● Twitter and the language author are releasing guidelines and best practices (scala – the good parts) ● invokeDynamic (SI-8359)
Conclusion ● I wouldn’t recommend scala for a general-purpose new project ● In an actual project most of the defficiencies are relatively easy to overcome ● I would recommend scala for a smal , side module ● It’s interesting to work with, due to the functional aspect ● Don’t give the users of your language, API or product al of the possible options – they wil misuse them.