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Illnesses that were once considered terminal are increasingly being treated as chronic medical co...
Illnesses that were once considered terminal are increasingly being treated as chronic medical conditions that develop over the long term. Advances in medical science have improved treatment options for people suffering from chronic conditions that develop over the long term. These individuals also enjoy higher life expectancy. A primary consequence of this evolution is that, rather than prepare to die, individuals diagnosed with a major chronic illness are faced with the challenge of learning how to adapt over the long term.
Rather than rely on traditional stage-based approaches, which assume that adaptation progresses in linear fashion, we suggest a task-based approach. Task-based models focus on the process of reconstruction of the diagnosed person’s personal, professional and social worlds. These approaches do not prescribe a speciﬁc path towards adaptation; rather, they provide a framework through which to understand the process of recovery.