TEACHING INFORMATION LITERACY WITH DISCOVERY TOOLS Nancy Fawley, University of Alabama Nikki Krysak, Norwich University
Introduction About our presentation
Webinar Outcomes • Understand the unique qualities of discovery tools in order to better instruct students in the classroom • Learn how to maximize discovery tool features in order to teach students to fully evaluate search results • Understand how discovery tools integrate with subject-specific databases in order to meet upper- level course needs • Acquire new ideas for teaching in order to fully capitalize on the benefits of teaching with a discovery tool
Pol #1: Understanding Our Audience Does your institution have a discovery tool? a. Yes, we have one b. Not yet, but we wil be implementing one c. No, and we have no plans to implement one
Pol #2: Understanding Our Audience If you have a discovery tool, when did your institution implement a discovery tool?
a. Less than 1 year ago b. 1 to 2 years ago c. 2 to 3 years ago d. More than 3 years ago
Understanding Our Students
Digital Natives • Love to customize and personalize • Often visual learners • Say what they think
Digital Natives • Collaborative • Multitaskers • Crave speed and entertainment
“Google’s simplicity and single search box seems to have created the expectation among students of a specific search experience within the library” Asher, Andrew D. and Lynda M. Duke. 2011. “Searching for Answers: Student Research Behavior at Illinois Wesleyan University.” In College Libraries and Student Culture: What We Now Know.” Ed. Lynda M. Duke and Andrew D. Asher. Chicago: American Library Association. …Which means that they rely too much on simple keyword searches.
Digital Natives as Information Seekers • Adept with technology as a tool, but lack critical thinking and evaluation skil s • Lack the methodological understanding to search for and evaluate resources in the library
Pol #3: Understanding Your Institutions If you use a discovery tool, is it positioned as a main default search box on the library homepage? a. Yes b. No
Benefits of Teaching with Discovery Tools • One-stop shop model (also a drawback) • Unified search platform
Benefits of Teaching with Discovery Tools • Intuitive, Google-like interface • Accommodates broad keyword searches
Benefits of Teaching with Discovery Tools • Facets and limiters
Benefits of Teaching with Discovery Tools • Interdisciplinary-friendly • Encourages critical thinking (also a drawback)
Chal enges of Teaching with Discovery Tools • Overwhelming number of retrievals • Relevancy rankings • Lack of control ed vocabulary between databases skews rankings
Chal enges of Teaching with Discovery Tools • Requires critical thinking (also a benefit) • One-stop shop model (also a benefit)
Chal enges of Teaching with Discovery Tools • Spotty interdisciplinary coverage • dependent on topic/subject area • Obtaining buy-in (from faculty & library colleagues)
Getting others on board • Include librarians in the decision-making process • Write the discovery tool into learning outcomes • Work with tech services to customize discovery tool
Chal enges of Teaching with Discovery Tools • Be ready for surprises!
Teaching: Best Practices
Teaching: Best Practices • Focus on keyword development
Teaching: Best Practices • Focus on facets and limiters
Teaching: Best Practices • Emphasize critical thinking
Teaching: Best Practices • Use as a scaffold for discipline-specific databases
Teaching: Best Practices • Develop supplemental subject guides
Teaching: Best Practices • Highlight link resolvers
Teaching: Best Practices • Emphasize interlibrary loan
Lesson Ideas • Keyword development
Lesson Ideas • Evaluating sources
Lesson Ideas • Flip the classroom
Buck, Stefanie, and Margaret Mellinger. "The Impact Of Serial Solutions’ Summon™ On Information Literacy Instruction: Librarian Perceptions." Internet Reference Services Quarterly 16.4 (2011): 159-181.
Cmor, Dianne & Xin Li. “Beyond Boolean, Towards Thinking: Discovery Systems and Information Literacy.” Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences (2012): Paper 7.
Debonis, Rocco, Edward O'Donnell, and Cynthia Thomes. "(Self-) Discovery Service: Helping Students Help Themselves." Journal Of Library & Information Services In Distance Learning 6.3-4 (2012): 235-250.
Fagan, Jody, Condit. "Discovery Tools And Information Literacy." Journal Of Web Librarianship 5.3 (2011): 171-178.
Fawley, Nancy & Nikki Krysak. “Information Literacy Opportunities within the Discovery Tool Environment.” College & Undergraduate Libraries 19 (2012): 207-214.